Story of the American Civil War

Story of the American Civil War

Story of the American Civil War
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On 12 April 1861, the first shots of the American Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in what would become the bloodiest war in American history. In just four years more than 600,000 men were killed. In the Story of the American Civil War we explore the origins of the conflict, including the divisive issue of slavery, Northern attempts to preserve the Union and Southern demands for autonomy. In-depth features on the conflict’s major battles reveal the true horror of the war, while battle maps help bring the likes of Antietam and Gettysburg to life. In addition, we discover the key players of the American Civil War, the role played by African-Americans and the harsh realities of life in the prisoner-of-war camps. While the war may have ended in 1865 after four years of bloody fighting, the United States remained bitterly divided for many years. We explore the Reconstruction era and attempts to heal wounds, the impact of the conflict on American history and how the repercussions are still being felt today.

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United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
6,97 €(IVA inc.)

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9 min.
timeline of the american civil war

FORT SUMTER UNDER FIRE 12 APRIL 1861 CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA At 4.30am, Confederate artillery batteries ringing Charleston Harbor open fire on Fort Sumter, situated on a sandbar about a mile from the heart of the city’s wharf area. After repeated calls for the surrender of the fort are declined, Confederate general PGT Beauregard orders the 34-hour bombardment to commence. Major Robert Anderson, commanding the Union garrison, surrenders the following day and is proclaimed a hero. The opening shots of the Civil War electrify the American population both North and South. SOUTH CAROLINA SECEDES 20 DECEMBER 1860 CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA Prompted by the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln as the 16th president of the United States, South Carolina adopts an ordinance of secession in Charleston following the unanimous 169-0 vote of the state assembly in Columbia…

5 min.
the birth of america

The first successful British settlement in the New World was at Jamestown, Virginia, founded in 1607. This was followed a few years later by the Pilgrim settlement at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620. British North America would become peopled by a diverse group of settlers drawn from around the British Isles and beyond. In New England, the Puritans predominated, while in Virginia’s Tidewater country, society was dominated by the cavalier aristocracy coming from southern England. The Thirteen Colonies were mostly peopled in a series of four great migrations from different parts of Britain and Ireland. The earliest of the big waves was that of the Puritans, originating mainly in East Anglia in the first half of the 17th century. The next wave was that of Royalists of southern England who sailed to…

2 min.
the french and indian war

In America, the Seven Years’ War was known as the French and Indian War. The bone of contention in North America was over the western lands of the interior, to which both Britain and France had laid claim. English settlers had penetrated into the Ohio Valley and had even reached the Mississippi River by the middle of the 18th century. To safeguard the route between French Canada and Louisiana, far to the south on the Gulf of Mexico, the French constructed several forts, at Presque Isle, Rouillé, Duquesne and Le Boeuf. These were meant to stop the British going any further west. Troops from colonial Virginia, commanded by future American president George Washington, were despatched to build Fort Necessity near to Fort Duquesne in 1754, but this operation miscarried badly and…

9 min.
america wins its independence

The American Revolution was the outcome of a long process of estrangement between Britain and her American colonists. To many Americans, the crux of the problem was King George III’s failure to respect their rights as Englishmen. The high-handed actions of the royal ministers, especially the imposition of taxes on the colonists in contravention of traditional rights – taxation without representation – were extremely annoying. From the perspective of the Crown, as well as many other Britons besides, the royal demand that colonists pay their share of the costs of their own defence was only fair and proper. Still, there was no sense in the 1760s and early 1770s that the bonds between Crown and subjects were irretrievably broken. Britain was the ‘Mother Country’, the ethnic wellspring of the greater part…

2 min.
america’s first civil war

Though it is seldom remarked upon today, the American Revolution was as much a civil war between Americans as it was a war between Americans and the British. Though Patriots, those who supported the cause of independence, outnumbered those who wished to remain part of the British Empire, known variously as Loyalists and Tories, neither represented a majority among the colonial populace, of which a substantial number held ambivalent feelings towards both independence and the Crown. The Patriots, however, controlled the much larger portion of the geographic extent of the country. There were few places where Loyalists were in the majority. One such area was New York City. After its capture in mid-1776, New York became a haven for Loyalists fleeing violence and oppression. Like the American Civil War nearly a…

9 min.
a precarious union

At the time of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the United States was granted little regard among the European powerhouses. Its population was akin to Ireland’s. And yet, a little over two generations later, by 1860, it had surpassed Great Britain to become the third most populous nation in the Western world (behind Russia and France) with almost 32 million inhabitants. Four million of those were slaves. With the population boom came a shifting economy, a surge in industrialisation and manufacturing, fuelled by the exploitation of vast coal reserves and the nation’s sprawling forests. The great rivers of New England, Pennsylvania and New York were harnessed to turn water wheels, while improvements in transportation – the laying of all-weather roads, the building of canal networks and, crucially, the coming of the…