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The Story Of Vikings and Anglo-SaxonsThe Story Of Vikings and Anglo-Saxons

The Story Of Vikings and Anglo-Saxons

The Story of Vikings and Anglo-Saxons 2016

This compendium of some of the best articles from BBC History Magazine explores a fascinating period in Britain’s history, from the fall of the Romans until the eve of the Norman Conquest. Discover the origins of the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings and find out how they battled to dominate the British Isles. Inside you will find: - A timeline of the key events in this period - Images of remarkable artefacts - Gripping tales of medieval warfare - Biographies of key figures such as Alfred the Great and Æthelstan

País:
United Kingdom
Idioma:
English
Editor:
Immediate Media Company London Limited
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access_time1 min.
welcome

From the crumbling of Roman rule in the fifth century AD until the triumph of the Normans (themselves descended from Norsemen) in 1066, Britain’s – and especially England’s – history is dominated by two groups: the Anglo-Saxons and the Vikings. Both originating in northern Europe, the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings arrived in waves of migrants and invaders, battling and making accommodations with both each other and the peoples already inhabiting these islands. They left a profound legacy in our language, our laws, our place names and remarkable artefacts that continue to be discovered today. In this special edition of BBC History Magazine we explore both groups in depth, with articles written by some of the country’s foremost experts. Discover the latest thinking about the ‘Dark Ages’, find out about the Vikings’ fearsome…

access_time7 min.
the vikings and anglo-saxons

410 As Rome is sacked, its emperor Honorius advises the inhabitants of ‘Brettania’ to defend themselves. Around this time, people from the North Sea coasts of continental Europe settle in Britain, first as Roman mercenaries, then later claiming land for themselves. These will later become known as Anglo-Saxons, and the area of Britain they come to dominate is England. 597 Sent from Rome by Pope Gregory the Great, the missionary Augustine arrives in Kent, where King Æthelberht agrees to adopt Christianity in his kingdom. Augustine (later Saint Augustine) becomes the first archbishop of Canterbury, and Christianity gives Æthelberht a means of extending Kentish domination over other Anglo-Saxon kings – at least until Æthelberht’s death in 616. 664 At a synod in Whitby, overseen by the Northumbrian king Oswiu, the Irish and Roman churches in Britain…

access_time10 min.
the origins of the anglo-sa xons

The Anglo-Saxon settlement, or adventus (‘arrival’) as Bede termed it in 731, has long been viewed as a turning point in Britain’s history. Bede based his account on that of the earlier British author Gildas, who lamented that his countrymen had employed ‘Saxons’ who then rebelled and ransacked Britain. While Gildas considered this a disaster, for Bede it was an important part of God’s plan for the island, introducing His people to Britain. Both writers saw the ‘Saxons’ in various ways dispossessing ‘Britons’, assuming that their audiences would share their own understandings of what the terms meant. Bede also distinguished between groups of incomers, claiming that the peoples of different English kingdoms descended variously from Saxons, Angles or Jutes. Though elsewhere in his work he noted that numerous continental tribes had…

access_time8 min.
when the dark ages were lit up

“The treasure is a much-needed feast for the eyes in a period starved of visual aids” The year 1939 saw a rare ray of light shine into the Dark Ages – one that made people realise that the Anglo-Saxon period did not deserve that gloomy moniker. During the previous year, Edith Pretty, owner of Sutton Hoo House in Suffolk, had commissioned a local archaeologist, Basil Brown, to investigate the huge tumulus on her land. Brown did not do as he was asked. On examining it, he saw that a trench had been dug into its centre; he assumed that it had been robbed, so moved on to the smaller surrounding tumuli. Having found next to nothing in those, in 1939 he returned his attention to his original subject. He quickly unearthed rivets…

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sutton hoo in pictures

The helmet Based on late Roman and Swedish models, the Sutton Hoo helmet is littered with imagery. A long snake – perhaps representing Jörmungandr, the ‘world serpent’ that circled the Earth – reaches down to touch the beak of a bird whose wings form the eyebrows and whose tail comprises the warrior’s moustache. Hidden among the rust are images of hornedhelmeted and mounted warriors Purse lid The purse that contained the coins pictured below was presumably made of leather, which has long since rotted away. But its remarkably ornate lid of gold and cellwork plaques remains. It bears images that appear to relate to lost legend Coins and ingots Thanks to these 40 coins and two small ingots, we are able to accurately date the treasures of Sutton Hoo. The latest coin dates to c625…

access_time7 min.
beowulf

Beowulf is a tale of journeys. Journeys between kingdoms and peoples, between worlds human and monstrous, between life and death. The poem ends with its eponymous hero, mortally wounded by a fire-breathing wyrm (dragon or, rather, serpent), saying that fate had killed all his family and that now “I must follow them”. For the Anglo-Saxons the end of life was just a new beginning; for them the verb ‘to die’ was the same as ‘to go on a journey’. So with Beowulf’s death, and the story’s completion, the poem’s own journey begins, spiriting its hero down through the centuries. And on at least one occasion – hundreds of years after his unknown creator gave him life – Beowulf nearly died in flames again… In the early hours of 23 October 1731 a…

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