ARCHAEOLOGY July - August 2015

ARCHAEOLOGY magazine offers readers incisive reporting, vivid storytelling, compelling photography – and the latest news from around the globe – all devoted to exploring the world’s ancient past. Whether reporting from a dive on an Arctic shipwreck, trekking through Afghanistan, or digging just beneath Beirut, ARCHAEOLOGY’s editors and writers bring readers the science, and the magic, of archaeological discovery.

Pays:
United States
Langue:
English
Éditeur:
Archaeological Institute of America
Fréquence:
Bimonthly
4,32 €(TVA Incluse)
12,95 €(TVA Incluse)
6 Numéros

dans ce numéro

1 min
bison bone mystery

In southern Alberta, University of Lethbridge archaeologist Shawn Bubel and her team were excavating a bison kill site dating to 500 B.C. when they encountered something bizarre. Beneath the remains of at least 68 butchered bison, prehistoric hunters had pressed collections of bison bones deep into the earth. “I had my students dig below the bone bed, not expecting to find anything,” says Bubel. “Then we started to see bones shoved down into clay.” Eventually the team unearthed eight of these enigmatic bone structures, which dated to the same time as the bone bed above them. Bubel says that while prehistoric Native Americans were known to use upright bison bones as anvils or to tie down tepees, none of these bones bore the telltale marks of those activities. “It’s a…

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2 min
off the grid

Almost all of the Roman town of Carnuntum, 25 miles east of Vienna, Austria, is preserved under fields and vineyards. The town’s history began inA.D.40, when Roman soldiers of the Legio XV Appollinaris established a fortress on a steep cliff above the Danube. The fort controlled the eastern border of the empire and had access to the Amber Road, an ancient trade route connecting the Baltic and the Mediterranean. Within a few decades, Carnuntum had become the capital of the Roman province of Upper Pannonia, with a population of 50,000, including soldiers’ families, veterans, and merchants, as well as wealthy Roman citizens who founded another town west of military territory. Amid constant political threats, economic stress, and the impact of a major earthquake, the fort was abandoned inA.D.433. The fort…

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3 min
all in a day’s work

DEIR EL-MEDINA, a village once situated across the Nile from Thebes, occupies an unusual position in both the history and archaeology of ancient Egypt. During the New Kingdom, starting around 1500 B.C., the highly skilled workmen who built and decorated the tombs of pharaohs and other elites in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings made their homes there. Deir el-Medina’s location in the desert helped make it one of the best-preserved ancient Egyptian towns. Anne Austin, an archaeologist and postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University, is working at the site as part of the mission of the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology to research the health of the town’s workmen and their families, and the health care provided to them. Extensive human remains and written records on limestone fakes and pottery fragments known…

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1 min
anglo-saxon jewelry box

Tom Lucking, a first-year university student and amateur metal detector-ist in Norfolk, England, recently discovered one of the highest quality examples of Anglo-Saxon jewelry ever unearthed. “I’d been attempting to discover more about the area,” says Lucking, “but after I found a copper-alloy bowl, I called in professionals to excavate properly” Lucking, it turns out, had located the mid-seventh-century A.D. grave of a high-status Anglo-Saxon woman. Her body was surrounded by grave goods, including gold and silver jewelry the most notable piece of which is a three-inch-wide pendant inlaid with more than 400 red garnets, some cut to create an interwoven animal motif.…

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1 min
neanderthal necklace

More than 100 years ago, eight eagle talons were excavated from a famous Neanderthal site called Krapina, and subsequently left in a drawer at the Croatian Natural History Museum in Zagreb. Davorka Radovčic recently took over as curator, and she discovered the talons while reexamining the museum’s collections. She noticed several deep cut marks and evidence that the talons had been strung together as a necklace. The talons have been dated to about 130,000 years ago, predating the arrival of Homo sapiens in the area by about 50,000 years. The talon necklace is now thought to be the earliest known symbolic Neanderthal artifact.…

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1 min
a parisian plague

Several mass graves—one of which includes the remains of at least 150 bodies—have been discovered beneath a Paris supermarket located just a mile from Notre Dame Cathedral. The French National Institute of Preventive Archaeological Research (INRAP) unearthed the graves in advance of an expansion of the supermarket’s basement. Based on the largest grave’s placement among other underground features, archaeologists believe it dates to between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries. The people in the grave, men and women of all ages as well as children, appear to have been the victims of a fierce epidemic, most likely plague. The bodies were buried snugly, with children nestled into spaces between adults, says Mark Guillon, a physical anthropologist with INRAP Paris and the French National Center for Scientific Research in Bordeaux. A hospital cemetery…

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