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ARCHAEOLOGYARCHAEOLOGY

ARCHAEOLOGY

March/April 2019

ARCHAEOLOGY magazine offers readers incisive reporting, vivid storytelling, compelling photography – and the latest news from around the globe – all devoted to exploring the world’s ancient past. Whether reporting from a dive on an Arctic shipwreck, trekking through Afghanistan, or digging just beneath Beirut, ARCHAEOLOGY’s editors and writers bring readers the science, and the magic, of archaeological discovery.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Archaeological Institute of America
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6 Issues

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time2 min.
the meaning of home

Each time we put together a new issue of the magazine, we are struck that people separated by distances of thousands of miles and by many millennia share markedly similar experiences. In this issue, you will read several stories of the very diffierent ways people across space and time have dealt with abandoning their homes and sacred spaces.It may seem improbable that one of ancient Egypt’s most famous sites would be not only abandoned, but also almost entirely forgotten. That is exactly what happened to Heliopolis, the City of the Sun. In “Egypt’s Eternal City,” contributing editor Andrew Curry shares the story of a holy sanctuary filled with temples, obelisks, and monuments honoring the full panoply of Egyptian deities—most notably the creator god Atum and the sun god Ra—and generation…

access_time2 min.
clothes make the man or woman

In my letter for the preceding issue of ARCHAEOLOGY, I considered the typical diet of Galilean villagers in the time of Jesus. Soon after, a documentary television producer asked me about ancient Jewish clothing, and I started thinking about what villagers like Jesus would have worn, and how their choices would have diffiered from those we make today. In the modern world, many of us dress for the occasion—workplace versus casual attire, gym clothes versus black tie. In the Roman East, everyone wore the same two basic articles of clothing: a tunic and a mantle. Although tunics and mantles were universal, variations in their length, color, fabric, and decorative details clearly signaled the wearer’s gender, marital and socioeconomic status, and sometimes even their occupation.Fresco, Dura Europos, SyriaClothing in Roman Palestine…

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from our readers

SAN DIEGO’S LEGACYJarrett A. Lobell’s article “What Sank San Diego?” (January/February 2019) rightly commemorates a little-known but significant event of WWI. After spending my career at the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, retirement has allowed me time to study the historical significance of submarine and antisubmarine technologies. The fantasy of submarine warfare portrayed by Jules Verne’s Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea became a reality during the opening months of WWI when Germany’s U-9 torpedoed and sank three British warships in the North Sea. With the arrival off the U.S. coast in July 1918 of U-156, the second of five U-cruisers to cross the Atlantic, naval warfare would never be the same. The loss of San Diego brought that reality to America. In a postwar interview, Frederick Körner, an officer aboard…

access_time3 min.
fairfield’s rebirth in 3-d

At the time it was completed in 1694, southeastern Virginia’s Fairfield Plantation was one of the largest and most architecturally innovative houses in the American colonies. Its distinctive features, including triple diamond-stack chimneys, hipped roof, and large, rectangular sash windows, made Fairfield “the most sophisticated classical house built in British North America to that date,” according to historian Cary Carson of the College of William and Mary. The 15,000-square-foot manor house would be home to generations of the Burwell family, one of eighteenth-century Virginia’s principal landowners. Two Burwells became members of the Governor’s Council, the upper house of the Colonial General Assembly, and one was an acting governor. Fairfield was also home to hundreds of enslaved people who planted and harvested the tobacco that supported the region’s economy. From 1787…

access_time2 min.
off the grid

Modern conveniences such as electricity, running water, and telephone lines that were hallmarks of post–World War II development across Ireland never arrived on the island of Inishark, which lies around five miles off the coast of Connemara in County Galway. The island’s rugged community of fishermen and farmers, which reached a peak population of about 300 in the nineteenth century, had dwindled to a handful of residents by the 1950s. Access to food, medicine, and other provisions was unpredictable. Storms could render the island completely isolated for days or even weeks, and young people moved away hoping to find work elsewhere. The last 24 inhabitants of the island departed in 1960. In addition to the abandoned main village, which was occupied between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries, the island features…

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reburial in luxor

Painted sarcophagus, 17th DynastyMausoleum, Luxor, EgyptPainted sarcophagus, 18th DynastyOne of the largest known underground mausoleums in Luxor, Egypt, was not built for a king or other member of the nobility, but for a priest named Padiamenope, who lived in the seventh century B.C. and is known to have assembled a collection of ancient Egyptian funerary texts. The mausoleum was investigated as far back as the eighteenth century, but a new excavation led by Frédéric Colin of the University of Strasbourg has turned up a pair of previously unknown sarcophagi dating to long before the tomb was constructed.Hieroglyphs on the coffin and lid of one of the sarcophagi identify its occupant as a woman named Pouyou. According to Colin, the style of the coffin suggests it dates to the early…

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