War at Sea

Issue 8

War at Sea is a new series of one-off specials where each issue delves deep into a particular subject; from aircraft carriers, warships, submarines, navies and naval battles. Every edition you can be assured of 100 pages of interesting and informative reading, accompanied by outstanding photography.

United Kingdom
Kelsey Publishing Group
4 Issues

in this issue

2 min

SUBMARINES are the ultimate weapon of modern warfare and the most secret of any part of the armed forces. Nuclear boats seek to dominate and control the sub-terranean battlespace while diesel boats sit quietly and listen for the acoustic footprint of another vessel. The submarine community is often referred to as the silent service. These huge boats can lurk in the deep waters listening, watching and if needed give chase to an adversary. NATO forces rarely comment about their submarine operations and as China and Russia invest in new boats, both the US and UK fleets are preparing for the future. Across Europe, only France fields nuclear powered boats. India has built its first ballistic submarine while Brazil is in the process of procuring its first nuclear powered submarine. In…

19 min
secret warfare

Today, the submarine is the most powerful asset in modern warfare and increasingly, nations see these silent leviathans of the deep as the ultimate military asset in a hi-tech world where satellites can track planes, ships and almost anything – except a nuclear boat. Submarines can remain at sea for months, sit in the dark depths of the oceans listening for other submarines and be ready if ordered to launch a ballistic missile strike. Their covert capability allows them to patrol anywhere without trace generating an aurora of psychological anxiety for their foes who never know where they are or what they are doing. From the United States, Britain, China, France, Russia, India, North Korea, Iran, Japan, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Egypt, Pakistan, Sweden, Peru, Spain, Poland, Argentina and South Africa…

16 min
the enemy below

The submarine service presents a strategic ‘silent threat’ that can be used as part of an information operation to deter adversary access to the sea through awareness of their presence. Today, all submarine services wear a qualification badge – usually a set of dolphins. The Royal Navy first issued badges in the 1950s and then adopted the current insignia in 1972. Crew serving in ballistic missile boats wear a smaller badge depicting the bigger submarines. Tactical awareness of an adversary was critical during the Cold War – the post-war period of geopolitical tension between the United States, the West and the then Soviet Union. During this time Soviet, US and UK nuclear submarines attempted to own the waters of the North Atlantic and Norwegian sea and the North Sea to prevent…

14 min
global strike

Almost 20 years later, China launched its first nuclear-powered submarine, the Changzheng in 1974, and in the past decade has invested heavily in its sub-surface force. In central Asia, India commissioned its first nuclear boat in 2016, INS Arihant, and plans to build four more while Brazil’s first nuclear submarine, Álvaro Alberto, is due to enter service in 2032. France also planned to build a fleet of conventional powered submarines for the Australian government, but this has since been superseded by a deal in which Britain and America will build eight nuclear-powered attack vessels for the Canberra government. Nuclear powered submarines are increasingly preferred to conventional powered submarines. They do not need to be refuelled and can stay submerged for months at a time, allowing commanders to stay deployed for…

18 min
modern submarines

The attack boats quietly protect the bombers as they leave and enter a port, they politely ‘hunt’ their adversary through the sonar orchestra of sub-surface noise – the trick is to ‘go silent’ and reduce all noise. Every day throughout the year, ballistic missile submarines from China, the United States, Russia, France and the United Kingdom drift along the seabed waiting for an adversary to launch an act of nuclear aggression. These huge submarines remain at sea for long periods of months – the only people aboard who know where the boat is are the Captain and his command team. They are permanently on operations, avoiding contact with surface ships and never surfacing – they are their country’s most secret military assets. For the US Navy and the Royal Navy, the…

14 min
the russian bear

These new state-of-the-art submarines are being deployed as the future ‘instruments of state’ ready to influence political policy in support of President Putin’s geopolitical aspirations. New Borei and Yasen-class nuclear-powered submarines now sit with the Northern Fleet and at least one Typhoon submarine is listed as being in the active reserve. It also maintains Oscar, Sierra, Victor and Delta-class nuclear subs, which while having undergone upgrades are more than 30 years old. Moscow’s Northern Fleet is based around Murmansk and the Kola Peninsula in the Arctic Circle. Its headquarters is located at Severomorsk with six nearby bases at Polyarnyy, Olenya Bay, Gadzhiyevo, Vidyayevo including covering Ura Bay and Ara Bay, as well as Bolshaya Lopatka, and Gremikha where the fl eet’s submarines are based. The Barents Sea is their backyard training…