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History of War

History of War No. 74

From the conquering legions of Ancient Rome to the thunderous tank battles of World War II and beyond, History of War takes you deeper inside the minds of history’s fighting men, further under the bonnets of some of the world’s most devastating war machines, and higher above the battlefield to see the broad sweep of conflict as it happened.

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United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
13 Issues

in this issue

1 min.

TOM GARNER This issue Tom spoke with journalist Peter Taylor MBE, who recalls his coverage of The Troubles in Northern Ireland (page 56). He also spoke with WWII veteran Yulia Zhukova, who served as a sniper on the Eastern Front (page 44). LAWRENCE PATERSON Larry is a deep sea wreck explorer, heavy metal drummer and a widely published expert on the history of the German navy. This issue he uncovers the final hours of the battleship Tirpitz and why the Luftwaffe was blamed for its sinking (page 26). DR MICHAEL JONES Michael is an historian, fellow of the Royal Historical Society and a member of the British Commission for Military History. Turn to page 82 where he concludes his three-part series on the invasion of the Falkland Islands. FOR MORE FROM THE HISTORY OF WAR TEAM…

1 min.

On the morning of 12 November 1944 Nazi Germany’s last remaining battleship finally keeled over and capsized, its hull crippled and decks flooded by a brace of Tallboy bombs. Although Bomber Command carried out this coup de grace on Tirpitz, the ship had been hunted down relentlessly for over a year. Throughout these operations the RAF, Fleet Air Arm and Royal Navy had relied on the crucial intelligence reports from Norwegian Resistance networks and reconnaissance flights. It was a truly momentous blow for the Kriegsmarine and another major propaganda victory for the Allies.…

1 min.
war in focus

FASCIST MARCH ON LONDON Taken: 1929 Members of the Fascio di Londra, the London Fascist Organisation, give the Fascist salute at the Cenotaph in Whitehall. After Mussolini’s March on Rome in 1922, Fascist movements gained attention around the word, and right-wing groups adopted the salutes and stylings of Italian fascism, including the British Union of Fascists, founded by Oswald Mosley in 1932. “DEUS VULT” Taken: 23 November, 2000 A US Army Crusader Advanced Field Artillery System test-fires on a range in Arizona. The 155mm self-propelled gun was designed to replace the military’s incumbent system, the M109A6 Paladin. In 2002 Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld cancelled the Crusader project. During tests, the system was capable of firing eight to ten rounds per minute. BERET BATTER UP Taken: 31 May, 1981 A British soldier poses with children in a Catholic area…

5 min.
franco-dutch war

1661-72 FRENCH AMBITIONS Upon beginning his personal rule, Louis XIV conducts an expansionist foreign policy with plans to annex the Habsburg Spanish Netherlands (now Belgium, Luxembourg and parts of northern France, western Germany and the southern Netherlands). He also turns on his former ally, the Dutch Republic, and aims to defeat them. 1 June 1670 TREATY OF DOVER Charles II of England signs a secret treaty with France. He agrees to convert to Roman Catholicism and assist Louis XIV with ships and soldiers for his upcoming war against the Dutch Republic in exchange for substantial sums of money. Charles’s covert support gives Louis an impetus to begin the conflict but it also results in the simultaneous Third Anglo-Dutch War (1672-74). 1672 ‘THE DISASTER YEAR’ The Dutch Republic is invaded by the forces of France, England and the prince-bishops…

3 min.
battle famous : turckheim

The small town of Turckheim endured a miserable experience during the Franco-Dutch War. Pillaged by French forces following the Battle of Sinzheim in 1674, it was destined to become the seat of battle again just six months later. German soldiers were occupying the Alsace region at the close of the 1674 campaigning season. With around 55,000 troops dispersed around the region in winter quarters, no further action was anticipated. However, the French general (Henry de La Tour, the Viscount of Turenne) had given warning that he was not a conventional commander. He had engaged in strategic manoeuvres in the winter of 1672-73 and had similar plans now. Embarking on a daring march and using the Vosges mountains as a screen for his army, Turenne caught the occupying Imperial forces completely by surprise…

1 min.
revolutionary commander

Operating in the very heart of the so-called ‘military revolution’, Henri de La Tour was perhaps the finest general of his era. Unusually, while most generals peak early and then fade, the Viscount Turenne improved throughout his 50-year career and his greatest triumph, the Battle of Turckheim, came right at the end of his life. Six months later he died at the Battle of Sasbach. Having fought alongside the Dutch in the Eighty Years’ War, and then distinguishing himself in the Thirty Years’ War, he was made a Marshal of France in 1643 and Marshal General of France (the highest rank in Louis XIV’s army) in 1660. His unconventional thinking was not always welcomed. He had petitioned to mount an autumn campaign in 1672, but had been denied permission by the French…