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History Scotland

History Scotland

January-February 2021

Explore centuries of Scottish history and archaeology with fascinating features on topics from all branches and periods of Scottish history and archaeology, written by leading historians, archaeologists and museum curators. With news on the latest research, opinion, expert reviews and spotlights on the country's most significant historical archives, this lavishly-illustrated magazine has everything you need to explore Scotland's rich past.

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United Kingdom
Warners Group Publications Plc
6 Issues

in this issue

1 min.
from the editor

Welcome to the first issue of 2021 – our 20th anniversary year! As always, the magazine covers centuries of history and archaeology and whilst we might not yet be able to visit museums, galleries and other attractions as freely as usual, it’s great to see that history and research projects are continuing despite the restrictions. This issue sees the launch of two new History Scotland series: Spotlight: Jacobites (pg 6) and a five-part series on Scotland’s second war of independence (pg 10), both of which feature brand new research, that we know readers enjoy so much. It was great to see so many readers attend our online Jacobite talk by Professor Murray Pittock in November. This is the first in a series of talks and webinars that we’ll be running over the…

1 min.
meet the contributors

Dr Iain A. MacInnes is senior lecturer in History at the University of Highlands and Islands. His research focuses on warfare and chivalry in medieval Scotland, with a particular focus on the 14th century. On page 10, we present part 1 of Iain’s five-part series on the wars of Scottish Independence, exploring the roots of the conflict, how it unfolded and its lasting legacy. Dr Rory MacLellan is a historian of the military orders and late medieval Britain and Ireland. He is a postdoctoral researcher at Historic Royal Palaces researching Jewish prisoners at the Tower of London. On page 50, Rory explore the often-overlooked, 400-year role of medieval military-religious orders in Scottish history. L. Rae Stauffer is a graduate of the University of Lethbridge with two Masters, both with a focus on Scottish History…

6 min.
begging your pardon

FRESH PERSPECTIVES ON THE JACOBITE ERA BY EMERGING VOICES IN SCHOLARSHIP After a handful of Donald Cameron of Lochiel’s men slipped through Edinburgh’s grand, turreted Netherbow Port virtually unopposed, the capital of Scotland, excepting its imposing castle, was firmly in Jacobite control for most of the late summer and autumn of 1745. From 17 September to 31 October, high-ranking soldiers and officials under the leadership of Charles Edward Stuart consolidated their provisional government in ‘North Britain’ at Holyrood House, and in the fields around Duddingston Village they bolstered both the numbers and training of the men who formed the military arm of the Jacobite cause. This distinctly irregular army was essentially the crowbar with which Charles Edward would attempt to pry George II off the thrones of the three kingdoms while…

6 min.
an african-led project

Although history and heritage intertwine themselves from individual to individual, tribe and clans, nation to nation, continent to continent, there remains a gap within Scottish society where BAME (Black and minority ethnic) members of the community do not take part in, or feel a part of, Scottish history or heritage; either for leisure, education or employment. On the flip side of the history and heritage coin, museums, galleries and the built environment – all representatives and protectors of Scotland’s history and heritage – have minimal representation of BAME communities’ members either as footfall or employees; ironic considering there are commonalities between people and nations. If we look at the Scottish clans and chieftains there is a similar system within Africa with their chiefs and tribes. Like our own clans, these tribes…

17 min.
scotland’s second war of independence (1332-57), part 1: two kings, one kingdom

Many people know about the First Scottish War of Independence (1296-1328), although they may perhaps mistakenly think that it was the only war for Scotland’s medieval independence. For while there is popular knowledge of Wallace and Stirling Bridge, of Bruce and Bannockburn, there is arguably far less understanding of what happened next. There appears little knowledge that the peace Robert I negotiated in 1328 lasted for less than four years. And there is little awareness that the war that had been ‘won’ in that same year would recommence once again in 1332, based in large part on all the unresolved issues of the first period of conflict. And that is part of the problem. The legend of Robert I has become so allencompassing that any suggestion that he did not actually…

11 min.
prosperity, calamity and survival in the grand duchy of lithuania

The standard story of young, impoverished traders from Scotland flooding through the Baltic area had only limited relevance to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (the northern part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth which includes present-day Lithuania and Belarus). By the early 1650s, these itinerant hawkers of fabrics, shoes, cutlery, etc. were displaced when a very different type of settler – older, educated, better prepared, with years of experience somewhere in Poland or Prussia – began to appear in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (GDL). Their presence was most noticeable in Kėdainiai, a small market town in western Lithuania owned by the wealthy Radziwiłł family who controlled vast swaths of land in the GDL and were active in noble politics. What caught the attention of potential migrants were the incentives offered by…