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101 World's Greatest Castles

101 World's Greatest Castles

101 World's Greatest Castles

Everyone loves a castle – how could you not? Centuries of history are packed into one complex, and each is wonderfully unique. Some were owned by counts, others the highest echelons of royalty. Some served as prisons with infamous inmates, while others were stately homes with beautiful banqueting halls and bedrooms. All are fascinating. In All About History 101 Greatest Castles, it’s time to uncover the best of the best from around the world. From South Africa and Japan to France and Romania, go behind the fortifications to find out the true stories behind Dracula’s home and the namesake of the House of Windsor. Meet the ghosts of haunted castles, and walk the halls of some of history’s most iconic buildings.

国家:
United Kingdom
语言:
English
出版商:
Future Publishing Ltd
出版周期:
One-off
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101 world’s greatest castles

Everyone loves a castle – how could you not? Centuries of history are packed into one complex, and each is wonderfully unique. Some were owned by counts, others the highest echelons of royalty. Some served as prisons with infamous inmates, while others were stately homes with beautiful banqueting halls and bedrooms. All are fascinating. In All About History 101 Greatest Castles, it’s time to uncover the best of the best from around the world. From South Africa and Japan to France and Romania, go behind the fortifications to find out the true stories behind Dracula’s home and the namesake of the House of Windsor. Meet the ghosts of haunted castles, and walk the halls of some of history’s most iconic buildings.…

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number 01 neuschwanstein castle

BAVARIA GERMANY Surrounded by luscious green forests, idyllic lakes and the snowy mountainous peaks of the Bavarian Alps, you’ll find Neuschwanstein Castle. Once the fantasy retreat of a king deemed too insane to rule, it has since become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. Built by Ludwig II of Bavaria, the castle was more than just a show of royal wealth: it was to serve as a sanctuary from courtly life, providing the king with welcome respite. This haven from his capital was a labour of love for Ludwig, who embraced the legends and lore of the Medieval period in its design and decoration. Yet despite the determination and devotion that Ludwig poured into Neuschwanstein, the castle brought nothing but misfortune to its creator. Ludwig’s pet project turned on…

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the castle that never was

Neuschwanstein was Ludwig II’s prized project, but the looming towers and Alpine setting only served to underwhelm the king. Instead, he began to plan a brand-new fantasy retreat to sate his desire for a dramatic, imposing castle overlooking his land. The ruins of Falkenstein Castle, merely 20 kilometres from Füssen, provided the perfect location for Ludwig’s vision of a spectacular castle that towered above the land. In 1883, Ludwig purchased the ruin, intent on demolishing it and replacing it with his new fairy tale fortress. He commissioned Neuschwanstein’s concept artist and stage designer, Christian Jank, to come up with its architecture. Jank returned with a menacing, high-Gothic palace made of towers, turrets and steep roofs. Ludwig deemed his designs too modest, however, and recommissioned its design to Max Schultze, who designed…

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ludwig’s mysterious end

Mere days after being declared insane, the lifeless bodies of Ludwig II and his psychiatrist were found floating in the water on the shores of Lake Starnberg. American prosecutor and crime historian Ann Marie Ackermann (annmarieackermann.com) explains why Ludwig’s demise divides experts to this day. What’s so mysterious about Ludwig’s death? How was his body found? Because no one witnessed an unexpected double death, Ludwig’s demise remains shrouded in mystery. Bavaria had just deposed Ludwig II for insanity and confined him in a castle on Lake Starnberg. He and his psychiatrist took a walk along the lake. They never returned. Hours later, a search party found their bodies floating in shallow water. Although gendarmes were patrolling the park, none saw or heard anything. What are the theories? The government’s version of the story was…

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the fairy tale castle at war

The end of World War II in 1945 was supposed to be the end of Neuschwanstein Castle. Filled to the brim with looted art and Nazi plunder, it represented much more than just a hideout for stolen goods – it was the beating heart of the Reichsleiter Rosenberg Taskforce, known in German as the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg. The ERR, as it was known, was responsible for tracking down and confiscating valuable books, artwork and cultural items from those of Jewish heritage. The ultimate aim was to create Hitler’s dream of a Führermuseum in Linz, Austria, housing Nazi art obtained through confiscation, stealing and acquisition. To counteract the ERR, the Allies set up the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program. Those working under this banner were known as the Monuments Men. From…

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castles that made history

02 TOWER OF LONDON LONDON, ENGLAND When you think of the Tower of London, what may spring to mind are the murders, imprisonments and terrible tortures that took place over the centuries, but before its grim history, the tower served as a royal residence to some of England’s early-Medieval kings. By 1100, however, it had been discovered that the Tower was as good at keeping people in as it was at keeping them out, and from the 12th century to 1953, it was used as a prison. The Tower is well known for its place in much of the history of England’s royalty, including the disappearance of two young princes, Edward V of England and Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York. Sent to the Tower by their uncle, Richard, Duke of Gloucester,…