a+u Architecture and Urbanism 21:01_604

a+u - Architecture and Urbanism - is a monthly architectural magazine established in 1971. Since its inaugural issue, a+u has been widely celebrated by architects everywhere as Japan's only monthly periodical that provides in-depth reporting of architecture worldwide. Each issue is edited from a unique perspective, with essays penned by renowned architects, critics, and historians to guide the direction of tomorrow’s architecture, within and beyond Japan. Text is bilingual in English and Japanese. 1971年1月創刊。創刊以来、海外の建築情報を伝える日本唯一の月刊誌として、広く建築界に親しまれています。a+uの取材ネットワークは全世界に及び、100余カ国を網羅しています。これら各国の建築家を直接取材し、毎号独自の視点で編集することにより、生の動向をいち早く読者の皆様にお届けしています。また、建築家・評論家・歴史家による書き下ろし論文を掲載し、明日の建築のあり方を考える指針として国内外の建築界に多大な影響を与えています。

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12 期号


sustainability and urbanism: jury report

What should 21st century architecture do? The world’s population will rise to 9.3 billion by 2050. Most of them, if we can believe the prognoses, will live in big cities. Some will live in mega cities with up to 100 million inhabitants. At the same time, cities are responsible for 80% of carbon dioxide emissions. In the future, we will require an urban building culture that allows for incredibly dense living. Tokyo, Shanghai or New York are well-functioning contemporary examples. However, current events illustrate how vulnerable mega cities are. Do we require a new mode of thinking in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis and the social distancing that ensued? These are the questions posed to the seventy-eight participants in this competition. I selected works, which address the important social issues arising…

[124] ark the shelter for living + working + supply

In 2050, with the emergence of mega-cities, the population up to 100 million. The population aggregation will provide more “petri dishes” for viruses to break species boundaries and rapidly mutate. The high population density make the vulnerability of large cities exposed evidently, public health incidents such as SARS and COVID-19 in Hong Kong also seem to validate this, This fragile situation is inseparable from the clear division of urban functional space, along with the high-intensity flow of urban internal transportation network. Thirty years later, epidemics may be more frequent in high-density cities around the world, and we are not supposed to ignore such crises. Therefore, we aim at Hong Kong, in an attempt to construct a new way of living + working + supply in densely populated cities, to cope with potential…

[204] house with growth

Food security is a pressing issue in sub-Saharan Africa, where population growth is estimated to double by 2050, with more than half of the population living in urban areas. As cities grow, more extensive farmland is needed, However, further expansion into uncultivated areas is risky due to biodiversity loss and increased greenhouse gas emissions. At present, one-sided urbanization including the destruction of farmland is forming a significant proportion of urban slums. Today, more refugees live in cities than in refugee camps in sub-Saharan Africa. The main objective of this project is to supplement the food demands of the city and respond to the rapidly changing urban population. This proposal consists of platformed farmland as a moving machine and self-growing housing modules using 3D printing of local soil (adobe and cob,…

[146] artificial invasion of nature

The shrine must have been originally connected to the ground. Therefore, the shrine on top of a medium-sized building in Japan is connected to the earth through a pipe filled with soil. Water, gas, and electricity are lined up, and they exist as the infrastructure of the shrine. On the other hand, there are movements all over the world to reconsider how to interact with the earth. Above all, in densely populated cities, it is important to form a plant-based ecosystem. In such a movement, it can be said that greening of buildings is mandatory. In this house, greening is considered the fourth living infrastructure, and the inside and outside of the building is plumbed with pipes. The plants inside and outside the building grow gradually by the rainwater flowing…

[220] urban resource house

⅓ of the food produced for consumption in the world goes to waste; 15% of lung cancer cases across the globe are caused by air pollution, and world energy usage by 2050 will increase by 50%. The challenging question is how do we supply resources to a densifying urban population without compromising the natural environment and resources? This entry presents an Urban Resource House (URH) which would produce its own resources for a given radius of population. The URH would be interspersed across cities over unused lots to serve a specific radius of population. The URH would consist of a roof-garden for water retention and photovoltaics for energy consumption, a rain-water chamber for plumbing and irrigation, hydroponic farming to supply the local context with produce, compost collection exchange system where local…

[111] vertical urban village

This design aims to create a lively community which not only reminds people of village life, but also synergizes with modern technology and green strategies. On one hand, the closed loop system inside the building encourages resource reusing and energy efficiency. On the other hand, people can spend time on their own “farm land” and participate in the cradle to cradle system. Here you may see people trading their farm products at a public platform, or vegetable remains being fed to fish. Every component is playing its critical role to stabilize and enrich the whole system. And unconsciously, talks and laughters will fill the place. Residents in this urban village finally leave behind the coldness of modern life. Miao Wang Born in Hunan, China in 1995/Graduated from Wuhan University in 2018/Graduated from…