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category_outlined / 船舶与航空
Aviation ClassicsAviation Classics

Aviation Classics Luftwaffe - Secret jets of the Third Reich

Welcome to Aviation Classics, a new series of high-quality glossy publications centred on the world’s greatest aircraft, the events in which they played crucial roles and those who flew, maintained and supported them. We begin with the Avro Lancaster, a type held in high regard by Bomber Command aircrew and an aircraft still admired by so many. The sight and sound of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight’s PA474 flying around the country will turn anyone’s head, and can bring a tear to the eye of those with a personal connection as it brings back emotional memories of fallen comrades and family. Over 55,000 Bomber Command aircrew didn't return home and many more were physically and mentally scarred. Ground crew, too, lost their lives with their efforts to keep the aircraft flying.

国家:
United Kingdom
语言:
English
出版商:
Mortons Media Group, Ltd
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本期

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preface

The story of the aerial battles of the Second World War and the aircraft used during those battles has, for the most part, been very well known for a very long time. Until the early 1990s however, few in the English speaking world, including myself, gave much thought to aircraft designed during the war that never saw service – either because they were flawed or simply because the circumstances did not allow it. Having been brought up on tales of Spitfires and Hurricanes defending Britain from the Messerschmitt menace, it came as a surprise to me in 1991 when George Lucas’s LucasFilm Games brought out a videogame called Secret Weapons of the Luftwaffe for the PC. The image on the cover showed a pair of flying wing aircraft – they looked…

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development overdrive germany’s second world war jets – an introduction

Development of the jet engine in Germany began and progressed in parallel with work on gas turbines taking place in Britain during the mid-1930s. By the end of the decade, however, the Germans had moved much more decisively to realise the new powerplant’s potential. The German government encouraged all of the country’s major engine manufacturers to begin work on jet engine designs and as a result, despite the technological challenges involved, BMW, Junkers and Heinkel made significant progress during the early part of the Second World War. At the same time, pioneering work on rocket engines and gliders carried out during the late 1920s and throughout the 1930s was also coming to fruition. By 1944, just as the war was reaching its tipping point, a whole host of interrelated aviation development programmes began…

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german jet aircraft development timeline

• November 9, 1935 Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain is granted a patent for his latest invention – Germany’s first turbojet design. • Early 1936 Dr Herbert Wagner begins developing gas turbine engines for Junkers. • April 15, 1936 Hans von Ohain is hired by Dr Ernst Heinkel to create a working example of his jet engine. • Circa February 28, 1937 Von Ohain’s first working jet engine, the HeS 1 is completed and installed in a test rig. • Early 1938 Design work begins at Heinkel on an aircraft that can be powered by Von Ohain’s new engine. At Junkers, Wagner begins construction of his own experimental turbojet engine. • Autumn 1938 German aero engine manufacturers Daimler-Benz, BMW, Brandenburgische Motorenwerke (Bramo) and Junkers are encouraged to look at turbojet development by the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM). •…

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from first designs to full service

MESSERSCHMITT ME 262 First designs: June 7,1939 First prototype completed: November 1941 First successful powered flight: October 1, 1942 Into service: June 1944 Total time taken: Around five years. MESSERSCHMITT ME 163 First designs: January 2,1939 (modifying DFS 194) First prototype completed: Winter 1940 (Me 163A) First successful powered flight: August 13, 1941 Into service: January 1944 Total time taken: Around five years. ARADO AR 234 First designs: October 24,1941 First prototype completed: Early summer 1943 First successful powered flight: July 30,1943 Into service: June 1944 Total time taken: Two years, eight months. HEINKEL HE 162 First designs: September 10,1944 (July 1944 as P.1073) First prototype completed: December 1,1944 First successful powered flight: December 6, 1944 Into service: February 27,1945 Total time taken: Five to seven months.…

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rlm jet requirements with competing designs

JAGDFLUGZEUGE MIT STRAHLTRIEBWERK (Jet fighter) Date: January 1939 Competitors: • Messerschmitt P.1065 (Me 262) • Heinkel He 280 VERSCHLEISSJÄGER (Attrition fighter) Date: Circa spring 1944 Competitors: • Bachem BP 20 Natter • Heinkel ‘Julia’ • Junkers EF.127 ‘Walli’ • Messerschmitt P.1104 • Me 262 with rocket boost • Me 263 SCHLECHTWETTER UND NACHTJÄGER (Bad weather and night fighter) Date: Circa summer 1944 Competitors: • Ar 234B-2/N then Ar 234P-5 • Do 335A-6 then Dornier P.254 • Me 262B-1a/U1 then Messerschmitt three-seat night fighter 1-TL-JÄGER (Single jet fighter) Date: July 1944 Competitors: (round 1 – July to September 1944) • Blohm & Voss P.209 (submitted late) • Focke-Wulf 1-TL- Jäger (Nr. 280 aircraft) • Heinkel P.1073 • Messerschmitt P.1101 (round 2 – September to December 1944) • Blohm & Voss P.212 • Focke-Wulf 1-TL- Jäger (Nr. 279 aircraft) • Heinkel P.1078A • Junkers EF.128 (Messerschmitt P.1101 until some time in November) • Messerschmitt P.1106 • Messerschmitt P.1110 (round 3 – December 1944…

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the first contest jagdflugzeuge mit strahltriebwerk (january 1939)

Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain began theoretical work on gas turbine propulsion in 1933 aged 22, unaware that similar research had been started by Frank Whittle in Britain three years earlier. The following year, Dr Herbert Wagner of Junkers undertook some private research into the possibility of a turboprop engine and thereby began work on his own independent turbojet design. The following year, he was made his company’s head of special developments and started examining design features for a transatlantic airliner. Von Ohain’s turbojet received a German patent on November 9, 1935, and the first model of it was constructed. He met Dr Ernst Heinkel at his home in Warnemünde, a district of Rostock, in March 1936 and the aviation firm boss agreed to both give him a job and pay him…

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