category_outlined / Science
How It WorksHow It Works

How It Works No. 118

Welcome to How It Works, the magazine that explains everything you never knew you wanted to know about the world we live in. Loaded with fully illustrated guides and expert knowledge, and with sections dedicated to science, technology, transportation, space, history and the environment, no subject is too big or small for How It Works to explain.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
Read Morekeyboard_arrow_down
13 Issues


access_time1 min.

We humans are rather limited by the range of conditions we can naturally survive in. Too hot and we fry, too cold and we freeze, not enough oxygen and we suffocate. We may have engineered technologies to help us survive where we technically shouldn’t be able to, but some organisms already manage to thrive in the most extreme locations. Few species epitomise the notion that “life finds a way” better than extremophiles, the lifeforms that call Earth’s most inhospitable places home. Also this month, we celebrate 100 years of the RAF, see how technology is transforming the fashion industry and look back on how ‘talkies’ and Technicolor changed Hollywood forever. Enjoy the issue! “The Royal Air Force remains on the cusp of the latest aviation technology…” Evolution of the RAF For exclusive HIW news…

access_time1 min.
meet the team…

Charlie G Production Editor I hadn’t realised to what extent many dinosaurs were covered in feathers. Jurassic Park could be set for a clucking good reboot! Baljeet Research Editor Discover how NASA’s InSight spacecraft will work to improve our understanding of Mars on page 54. Charlie E Staff Writer Can you trust your brain? Are your thoughts really your own? Check out how cognitive bias takes over your mind on page 38. Scott Staff Writer Could printable dresses, AI active wear and lab-grown fabrics be the future of fashion? Find out more over on page 44. Duncan Senior Art Editor As a massive movie fan I was interested to read about the Golden Age of Hollywood on page 76. Jaws would have been odd in silence! FOLLOW US… How It Works magazine @HowItWorksmag…

access_time1 min.
spacex launch lights up the night sky

SpaceX’s latest Falcon 9 rocket successfully launched Argentina’s SAOCOM 1A Earth observation satellite into orbit on 8 October at 02:21 UTC from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Less than eight minutes after launch the rocket landed safely at a new rocket landing pad just 400 metres away, thereby becoming the first ever SpaceX landing on the West Coast. The launch created a nebula-like cloud in the skies above California as the high-altitude plume of rocket exhaust was lit by the setting sunlight. Los Angeles’ mayor Eric Garcetti even took to Twitter to reassure everyone that the light source was nothing to be concerned about: “Nope, definitely not aliens. What you’re looking at is the first launch and landing of the @SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket on the West Coast…” The 1,600-kilogram SAOCOM-1A…

access_time2 min.
first bioelectronic medicine revealed

Researchers at Northwestern University and Washington University School of Medicine have created a biodegradable implant that pulses with electricity to assist in healing damaged peripheral nerves in rats. The completely wireless device – as thin as a sheet of paper – has demonstrated promising results at improving the recovery of muscle strength and control. The implant is thin and flexible and can wrap around an injured nerve. It then delivers electrical pulses at specific times over the next few days. After about two weeks the implant is naturally absorbed by the body. The invention is the first in a movement towards bioengineered medical technologies for humans. These are expected to provide therapy and treatment over a period of time directly at the site where it is needed in order to be…

access_time1 min.
limit global warming to 1.5°c, says ipcc

According to the latest study by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), curbing global temperature rises to just 1.5 degrees Celsius rather than two degrees by 2100 would have a significant impact. There would be fewer extreme weather events, less sea level rise and more species would be able to survive the resulting environmental changes. 195 nations signed the Paris Agreement in 2015, pledging to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to keep global warming below two degrees Celsius (compared to pre-Industrial temperatures) by 2100. It is hoped that the latest report will encourage governments to consider more ambitious emission-cutting targets.…

access_time1 min.
suspected exomoon spotted

Kepler and Hubble have detected evidence of the first known moon outside our Solar System NASA’s Kepler and Hubble space telescopes may have found a moon orbiting the exoplanet Kepler-1625b, around 8,000 lightyears away in the constellation of Cygnus. Its presence has been detected in a similar way to how exoplanets are found via the transit method, where astronomers measure how much a star’s light appears to dim when an object passes in front of it. While further data is needed to confirm its existence, the initial findings suggest it's about the size of Neptune and may have formed through a completely different process to any of the moons we know of. © Getty; NASA; John Rogers, Northwestern University; Jönköping County Museum…