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October 2021

A TO Z INDIA magazine covers the Indian through his art, culture, lifestyle, religion, etc. This magazine gives an insight into the life of Indians from an angle uncovered by others. Turn to find out what it is about and to immerse yourself into an entirely different culture.

A to Z India
12 Issues

in this issue

1 min
from the editor's desk: human population - milestones by the billions

The population in 1 A.D. was 170 million; today, it’s 7.9 billion, according to the museum, which worked with Population Connection, the U.N.’s World Population Prospects, Worldometers and NASA on the project. As it follows the population explosion, the American Museum of Natural History points out specific events that encouraged population growth, such as the advent of farming, travel and trade on the Silk Road, and the development of modern medicine. At the dawn of agriculture, about 8000 B.C., the population of the world was approximately 5 million. Over the 8,000-year period up to 1 A.D. it grew to 200 million, with a growth rate of under 0.05% per year. A tremendous change occurred with the industrial revolution: whereas it had taken all of human history until around 1800 for world…

5 min
bharat, hindustaan and india

e.mail id: salilmumtaz@gmail.com The politics of naming is part of the social production of the nation. Its processes are shaped by broad socio-political conditions and can be studied from several angles. In the 19th century the name Bhārata was used to refer to the geographical, political and administrative entity that the colonial power called ‘India’. The evidence presented shows that it was the Puranic memory of a naturally bounded (sea, mountains) and specifically socially organized territory where human beings could fulfill the specific sets of socio-religious duties required to maintain their cultural identity. That Bhārata—a cultural space whose unity was to be found in the social order of dharma—was a pre-national construction and not a national project. At the time of independence, India and Bhārata were equally worthy candidates to baptize…

7 min
dr.apj abdul kalam: career scientist and science administrator

Bharat Ratna Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, generally known as Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, was the 11th Presidentof India (2002-2007). He was elected against Lakshmi Sehgal in 2002 and had support from both the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress, the two leading political parties of India. By profession, he was a scientist and an administrator in India. He worked with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as an aerospace engineer before becoming the President of India. His work on the development of launch vehicle and ballistic missile technology had earned him the name of the ‘Missile Man of India’. The Pokhran-II nuclear tests conducted in India in 1998 after the original nuclear test of 1974 saw him in a pivotal…

2 min
nagarjuna besha

tkvkaruna@gmail.com In local Odia language 'Besha' or 'Vesha' means 'Costume' or 'Dress' or 'Make Up'. There are two types of Beshas observered for the deities in the Jagannath temple of Puri, Daily Beshas and Beshas during festive occasions. During the celebration of different festivals, the deities put on different types of ceremonial costumes or dresses according to the custom of the festival. Nagarjuna Besha is not a daily Besha but is observed during festive occasion in the Kartika month. Kartika is the holiest of all the months in Hindu lunar calendar. It usually overlaps with the months October & November in the English calendar (Mapping of Odia Calender months with English Calender months). This is the most awaited month of the year for Odias. The last five days of the holy month…

8 min
the man who gave tamils a new identity

Iyothee Thass in the last decade of the 19th Century was a writer, journalist and social reformer, Tamil and Buddhist Scholar. He edited and published ‘Tamizhan’, a journal devoted to social reform for eight years. He opposed Brahminism Vedic rituals and untouchability. He championed communal representation, women’s rights, self-respect, rationalism etc. Subramania Bharathiyar, V.O. Chimdambaram Pillai, Singaravelach Chettiar, Pandit U.V. Saminatha Iyer, Thiru.V. Kalyanasundara Mudaliar, Pandithurai Thevar, Mahavidwan Raghava Iyengar who lived during the same period in the Madras Presidency were honored for their scholarship and devotion. Iyothee Thass' contributions in various fields did not receive due recognition because he belonged to the Paraiyan caste. The neglect Iyothee Thass suffered was worse than physical violence. The higher-caste intellectuals in Tamil Nadu were adopting in practicing this variety of concealed violence. I…

2 min
dhanu muan and pahili bhoga

tkvkaruna@gmail.com Dhanu Sankranti is celebrated on the first day of lunar Pousha month. The month of Pousha is considered the month of plenty. After collecting the harvest there is a festival of general rejoicing with special sweets of ‘Muan’(a traditional sweet dish) which is offered to Lord Jagannath in puja. In the month of Dhanu Sankranti, Gopal Ballav Bhog is offered along with Pahali Bhog (the first offering). The Pahili Bhog is the traditional morning offering to the Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Goddess Subadhra (famously known as the Trinity) which continues from the Dhanu Sankranti to Makara Sankranti as per the Odia almanac. Dhanu Muan and Pahili Bhoga are alse offered at Kantilo & Godess Mangala at Kakatpur. Gopal Vallabh Bhog: The offering is the first one of the daily Prasad to Lord Jagannath. The…