EXPLOREMY LIBRARY
Kids & Teens
Extreme Animals

Extreme Animals

Extreme animals

Get up close to the most impressive animals on Earth and prepare to be amazed. Discover the planet’s toughest survivors as we examine the extremophiles that can endure searing heat, freezing winds, low oxygen and crushing pressure. Take a look at some of the biggest, fastest, strongest and most dangerous animals on Earth, and learn all about how they’ve adapted to thrive in such unique habitats. Meet animals with brainpower beyond belief, including apes, orcas and crows, and become acquainted with the smelliest and loudest creatures in the world. See if you can spot the best masters of disguise, from the pygmy seahorse to the leaf-tailed gecko, and marvel at some of the most remarkable migrations. We also explore the worst temper tantrums in the animal kingdom, the greediest creatures alive, the most flirtatious, the hardest working, and many more!

Country:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Publisher:
Future Publishing Ltd
Frequency:
One-off
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in this issue

1 min.
book of extreme animals

Get up close to the most impressive animals on Earth and prepare to be amazed. Discover the planet’s toughest survivors as we examine the extremophiles that can endure searing heat, freezing winds, low oxygen and crushing pressure. Take a look at some of the biggest, fastest, strongest and most dangerous animals on Earth, and learn all about how they’ve adapted to thrive in such unique habitats. Meet animals with brainpower beyond belief, including apes, orcas and crows, and become acquainted with the smelliest and loudest creatures in the world. See if you can spot the best masters of disguise, from the pygmy seahorse to the leaf-tailed gecko, and marvel at some of the most remarkable migrations. We also explore the worst temper tantrums in the animal kingdom, the greediest creatures…

8 min.
survivors of the animal kingdom

The phrase ‘survival of the fittest’ stems from the Darwinian theory of evolution, which states that those individuals best adapted to their surroundings will live to see another day. To survive, most life on Earth require three basic things: oxygen, water and light. For this reason, habitats that provide these in abundance are densely populated with a biodiverse ecosystem. However, as conditions worsen and resources become scarce, we see a shift towards more specialised populations who have adapted to survive under extreme living conditions. Extremophiles are animals and organisms that exist in conditions that would spell death for many lifeforms. From searing heat and freezing winds, to low oxygen at high altitude and crushing pressure at the depths of the oceans, there are plenty of habitats on Earth making their inhabitants…

10 min.
animals, size xl

Blue whale The largest creature on Earth Large enough for a grown man to swim down its arteries, this is the original giant beast The largest animal to have ever existed on Earth – to see a blue whale in the wild is to see a miracle of the natural world. To get a sense of just how large this ocean denizen is, imagine what three buses would look like standing end-to-end. Or, perhaps imagine what six elephants look like standing nose-to-tail. That’s the size of a blue whale. With a heart the size of a car, and a tongue that weighs as much as an elephant, these whales are colossal beings. As members of the Mysticeti – baleen whales – they reach these proportions on a diet of tiny, shrimpy creatures known as…

1 min.
giant creatures

Manta ray With a wingspan reaching up to 7m (23ft), a manta ray is an ocean giant. Found in warm, continental waters across the world, these huge rays propel themselves by flapping their colossal fins like wings. Hippopotamus Getting its name from the Greek for ‘river horse’, the hippo is certainly a hefty specimen. Males can reach up to 3.5m (11ft) in length and weigh up to 3,500kg (7,716lb). Saltwater crocodile Found skulking in murky estuarine waters of India, southeast Asia and Australia, males of Earth’s largest crocodilian species can often reach up to 7m (30ft) in length, and weigh in at 1,000kg (2,204lb). Whale shark As the largest-known extant fish species, the biggest confirmed whale shark clocked in at 12.65m (42ft) in length. The sharks are filter feeders, and grow to their massive sizes by filtering…

1 min.
record-breaking beasts

Tallest horse Guinness World Record holder for the world’s largest horse is ‘Big Jake’, a Belgian horse who stood taller than the average NBA player at 20 hands 2.7in (that’s over 2m / 6ft). Tallest dog The tallest recorded dog in the world was great dane Zeus – in 2011 he was recorded as measuring 111.8cm (44in) to the shoulder. Largest cat Savannah breed Arcturus Aldebaran Powers achieved his Guinness World Record status for being the world’s tallest cat. He stood tall at 48.4cm (19in) at the shoulder! Largest hamster The European hamster is the largest of the hamster species and can reach up to 34cm (13in) in length excluding their tail – that’s around seven times larger than the world’s smallest hamster species!…

3 min.
unusual diets

Blood slurpers Meet the vampires of the animal kingdom Absolutely not for the squeamish, a blood-based diet is relatively common in the animal kingdom. Rich in proteins and lipids, it’s a delectable dish for birds like the vampire finch. This wily, winged blood-guzzler is native to the Galápagos Islands, and uses its sharp beak to break nuts and seeds, and also rip mercilessly at the flesh of larger birds until they bleed. Reaping the rouge rewards has enabled it to survive even the driest of climates and thrive in its tiny island home. The insect world contains the most well-known bloodsuckers (mosquitoes and fleas and ticks, oh my!) but there is also the aptly named Dracula ants. These creepy crawlies, found in Madagascar, practise a form of non-destructive cannibalism. Adults can’t digest solid…