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Camera Bag EssentialsCamera Bag Essentials

Camera Bag Essentials

Camera Bag Essentials Vol 2

Learn key camera techniques and concepts with this indispensable take-anywhere guide to digital portrait photography

Paese:
United Kingdom
Lingua:
English
Editore:
Future Publishing Ltd
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camera bag essentials

Welcome to Camera Bag Essentials, the compact photography reference no photographer should leave home without! This edition is devoted to portrait photography – providing you with a portable guide to getting great shots of people that you can carry around in your camera bag. Over six chapters, our experts explain key camera techniques and concepts in quick, easy-to-follow guides. Learn how to take better pictures by understanding how your camera works, discover what essential equipment you need to take stunning photos, and follow step-by-step guides to capture almost anything you would want to photograph. Our handy posing and lighting guides are designed to take the guesswork out of studio portrait photography. So whether you’re still learning photography, or you’re an old hand that needs a quick reminder about this or…

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digital slr

1 LENS RELEASETo remove the lens press this button and twist the lens in an anti-clockwise direction. Make sure you have the protective body cap or another lens to hand when performing this task, because you don’t want to leave the sensor exposed to dust.2 SHUTTER RELEASETo capture a photograph, press the shutter release button on the top panel. To focus and meter the scene, half press the shutter release first.3 LENSThe beauty of owning an SLR is that you can change the lens. This makes it far more versatile than a camera with a fixed lens because you can alter the angle of view.4 SENSORThe sensor is where your images are recorded, before being processed and then stored on your memory card. A mirror blocks the sensor and projects…

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exposure

Shutter speedThis corresponds to the amount of time the tap is left on for. It works hand in hand with aperture – you can have the tap on full for a short time or open just a little bit for longer to get the same volume of waterApertureThink of the aperture as how many turns the tap is turned on by – do you want a trickle of light or a torrent?Intensity of lightThis is like the water pressure. If the pressure is high, you don’t need to turn the tap on so far, or for so long, to fill the glassISO settingISO is like the size of the glass. A small vessel (a high ISO) will fill more quickly than a big oneA matter of tasteExposure isn’t all about…

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shooting modes

Auto modeIf you’re a complete novice, this mode is ideal because the camera takes care of all the settings automaticallyAuto Flash Off modeThe same as Auto, but for museums, theatres or indoor sports venuesPortrait modeThe camera softens skin tones and uses a wide aperture to throw the background out of focusLandscape modeDesigned for vivid landscape shots taken in daylight. The built-in flash is switched off and you might need a tripodChild modeIn this mode, the camera makes backgrounds and clothing colourful but keeps any skin tones present soft and natural-lookingSports modeThe flash is switched off and the camera uses faster shutter speeds to help freeze fast-moving subjectsClose-up modeThis favours a narrow aperture to improve depth of field. Consider using a tripod when there’s a risk of camera-shakeNight Portrait modeThe flash…

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aperture

The concept of aperture can be tricky to grasp. The physical side of it is incredibly simple. Here’s what’s going on inside your lens barrel, where a motor keeps aperture under control…Iris bladesThe aperture is created by a diaphragm formed by intersecting blades. These usually number between five and nine on any one lensLens componentThe aperture assembly is located in the barrel of each lens you use, between the lens elementsMotorThis opens and closes the aperture when the shutter fires. It matches the f-stop set by you or the camera, and the focal length you’re usingNo matter what camera or exposure mode you use, there are just two main ways to regulate how much light reaches an image sensor. One is shutter speed and the other is aperture. These are…

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making sense of f-stops

Wide aperturesThe widest apertures have f-stops with the smallest numbers. The maximum aperture available depends on the lens you’re using. On many zoom lenses, for example, the maximum aperture gets smaller as you zoom inMedium aperturesThe middle apertures on your lens tend to give you the best-quality images. However, they might not give you the amount of depth of field you require. Think of it as a balancing act, with some compromise requiredNarrow aperturesMost lenses have a minimum aperture of f/22, although some stop at f/16 while others go down to f/32. As aperture gets narrower, depth of field increases. Ultimately, though, the image resolution deteriorates due to diffractionThe crucial point is that aperture numbers are fractions: f/2 means focal length (f) divided by 2. So on a 50mm lens,…

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