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History of WarHistory of War

History of War

No. 65

From the conquering legions of Ancient Rome to the thunderous tank battles of World War II and beyond, History of War takes you deeper inside the minds of history’s fighting men, further under the bonnets of some of the world’s most devastating war machines, and higher above the battlefield to see the broad sweep of conflict as it happened.

Paese:
United Kingdom
Lingua:
English
Editore:
Future Publishing Ltd
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welcome

In the same way that aircraft heralded a new, previously unimagined combat in the sky, so too did submarines radically change the bitter struggle for dominance over the seas.In both cases, the lessons and developments of the First World War brought about even more effective and deadlier doctrines for the next global conflict.Perhaps the most infamous of these was the ‘Rudeltaktik’, or ‘wolfpack tactics’, developed by WWI veteran Karl Dönitz. Applying his first-hand experience of German U-boat doctrine, he was able to utilise new radio technology and improved submarine capability to unleash a hugely effective naval campaign, which took vulnerable Allied shipping by storm. Bundesarchiv, Bild 101II-MW-3491-06 / Buchheim, Lothar-Günther / CC-BY-SA 3.0 ■…

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contributors

TOM GARNER In the second part of his Bletchley Park series, Tom spoke with Sir Dermot Turing about the multi-national efforts that made his uncle’s work possible – plus Betty Webb discusses her experiences working at the top-secret facility. LAWRENCE PATERSON Lawrence has been writing on and researching the Kriegsmarine, as well as other topics on the Third Reich, for nearly 20 years. He has also investigated the subject firsthand in his other incarnation as a scuba-diving instructor. DAVID SMITH This issue David returns to one of his favourite topics – the American War of Independence – specifically one of the great turning points of the Patriot struggle: the Battle of Saratoga. Turn to page 38 for his blow-by-blow account. SIGN UP…

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war in focus

FAREWELL TO RATS Taken: 9 April 1980 Men of the 1st Battalion, Welsh Guards stand to attention on parade at Pirbright Barracks, alongside their corgi-terrier mascot Rats. The canine served faithfully with the Guards in Northern Ireland during some of the worst years of ‘The Troubles’, where he was shot at and injured by several bombs. Known as the ‘soldier dog of Ulster’, Rats retired in 1980. MARINE WARFARE Taken: 26 March 1966 Five US Marines prepare to storm a beach in Rung Sat Zone, 20-30 miles south of Saigon, during Operation Jackstay. Over 1,200 Marines took part in this mission, which aimed to disrupt and dislodge Viet Cong forces in the area, which had been the staging ground for earlier enemy ambushes. Numerous Viet…

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timeline of the... french wars of religion

23 - 24 August 1572 SAINT BARTHOLOMEW’S DAY MASSACRE After several religious wars across ten years, Catherine de Medici persuades her son Charles IX to order the assassination of around 200 Huguenot leaders. Parisian Catholic mobs use these killings as a pretext for large-scale butchery. 3,000 Protestants are killed in Paris while tens of thousands more are murdered across France. 1 March 1562 MASSACRE OF WASSY Decades of religious tensions in France descend into open warfare following a notorious incident. 63 Huguenot villagers are burned alive in their church at Wassy on the orders of the duke of Guise after he receives a slight injury while passing through the village. Widespread violence immediately spreads across the country. Francis, Duke of Guise orders…

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theological warfare

1 AMBOISE CONSPIRACY 17 MARCH 1560 AMBOISE, CENTRE-VAL DE LOIRE One of the key events that directly lead to civil war is a failed Huguenot attempt to gain power in France. Provincial aristocrats attempt to kidnap Francis II when they unsuccessfully storm Château d’Amboise. 1,200-1,500 Protestants are subsequently hung from the town walls of Amboise. 2 EDICT OF SAINT-GERMAIN JANUARY 1562 WASSY, ÎLE-DE-FRANCE This edict is promulgated by Catherine de Medici, Regent of France, to provide limited tolerance to Huguenots in a Roman Catholic state. Freedom of private conscience and worship is guaranteed but not public worship in towns and settlements. Attempts to implement this flawed policy results in the massacre of Protestant villagers at Wassy. 3 RIOTS OF TOULOUSE 13-17 MAY 1562 TOULOUSE, HAUTE-GARONNE Violent…

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famous battle amiens 1597

France’s religious wars tore the country apart and these bitter civil conflicts resulted in the accession of the Protestant Henry IV to the French throne in 1589. The first Bourbon monarch had to fight the powerful ‘Catholic League’ for many years and even converted to Catholicism in 1593 in order to secure his crown. Henry’s public conversion meant that the vast majority of his Catholic subjects accepted him as king but defiant members of the League continued to oppose him with considerable Spanish support.In early 1595 Henry discovered a Spanish plot to invade France and occupy several Atlantic ports as well as supporting Charles, Duke of Mayenne. As head of the Catholic League, Mayenne was based in Burgundy with a dwindling but defiant army but on 17 January, Henry…

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