Linux Format July 2019

Linux Format is your complete guide to the world of Linux. Whether you've just discovered Linux, or you're a full-time guru, Linux Format has everything you need to make the most of your OS. The editorial formula is a mix of features, reviews and practical tutorials that tackle topics as far ranging as installing software to socket programming and network management. Thought-provoking features and interviews also provide a focus on key technologies, trends and issues in the fast-paced world of Free and Open Source software.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
13 号


who we are

Jonni Bidwell I remember getting a bootblock virus called Lamer Exterminator on my Amiga 500. It was notable because it could persist across warm reboots, infecting whatever floppy disk you booted next. This particular variant didn’t do any real damage – it just blanked the screen until an awkward key combination was pressed. Nick Peers So far, touch wood, the only experience of malware I’ve had has been with Windows machines. The tales I could tell, if I hadn’t blanked out the horror… although these days it’s the false-positives that are more disrupting than actual malware. With behavioural threats starting to outstrip bog-standard malware, is anyone truly safe? Les Pounder I once ran a WordPress server on Ubuntu 14.04 and it fell prey to a few issues: bad plug-ins, user config and workflows. I fixed…

stop all malware!

Does Linux need an antivirus? I was asked this by a reader and didn’t quite know how to answer. They were moving from a Windows background where standard practice is to constantly run anti-malware, as generally everything can be seen as a threat to a Windows user. Never did we need any less of an excuse to throw Jonni once more into the deep end, let him flounder around for a bit and see what nuggets of useful information he can drag back to shore. So that’s what Jonni’s been doing, trying his best to get his Linux boxes infected with all manner of online nasties, without much luck as it turns out. You can read his guide to Linux malware on page 32, and as we’ve often alluded to, it’s…

windows 10 will now include the linux kernel

During its Build 2019 developer conference, Microsoft announced that it will be shipping a complete Linux kernel with Windows 10. Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 (WSL2) will be based on Linux kernel 4.9, and by using a real Linux kernel – with local patches to tune WSL2’s use of the kernel – the feature will improve launch times and reduce memory consumption compared to WSL1, which used emulation to run Linux software. Having Linux as such an integral part of Windows would have been unthinkable years ago, but Microsoft has been commendably committed to its new-found love of Linux and open source software. A few years back, it introduced Bash on Windows for running Linux apps in its operating system, and now it is shipping a full Linux kernel that it…

red hat enterprise linux 8 released with a new logo

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8, the Linux distro aimed at businesses, has been released. The latest version, the last before Red Hat joins IBM after the latter bought it for a staggering $34 billion, has been “redesigned for the hybrid cloud era and built to support the workloads and operations that stretch from enterprise datacenters to multiple public clouds,” according to the press release ( As part of this release, Red Hat Insights is being included as “Red Hat’s Linux expertise as-a-service,” which uses predictive analytics based on Red Hat’s knowledge of open source technology to help administrators identify and fix IT issues with the minimum of downtime. Red Hat Smart Management is also introduced in RHEL 8 as an add-on for the distro, which will make it easier for companies…

all chromebooks to be linux-ready

During this year’s Google IO developer conference, Google announced that every Chromebook which is launched this year will be Linux-ready out of the box – which means you don’t need to fiddle around with any settings or third-party programs to get Linux working. According to Google, all you will need to do is open the Chrome OS app switcher and type Terminal into the search box. This will launch the Termina VM which begins running a Debian 9.0 Stretch Linux container. If you don’t want to run Debian, you can also use Ubuntu or Fedora, but those are slightly more complicated to get up and running. A useful sub-reddit, r/Crostini, has some hints and tips for running Linux on current Chromebooks – check it out at By making it so…

gstreamer 1.16

“After a year-long development cycle, the much anticipated GStreamer 1.16 was made available recently. With it came a number of exciting new features we’re especially proud of, including per-element latency tracer and support for planar or non-interleaved audio. We’ve added support for the next generation, royalty-free AV1 codec to Matroska and MP4 containers, which are the two main container formats used around the internet. The GStreamer WebRTC stack gained support for data channels for peer-to-peer communication based on SCTP in addition to the existing video and audio support. Closed captions, an important feature for accessibility, are now supported as a first-class citizen in GStreamer; this makes it possible to get those assistive subtitles embedded in TV streams. The Video4Linux encoder and decoders gain support for the HEVC codec, while the Nvidia-specific nvenc…