Linux Format January 2021

Linux Format is your complete guide to the world of Linux. Whether you've just discovered Linux, or you're a full-time guru, Linux Format has everything you need to make the most of your OS. The editorial formula is a mix of features, reviews and practical tutorials that tackle topics as far ranging as installing software to socket programming and network management. Thought-provoking features and interviews also provide a focus on key technologies, trends and issues in the fast-paced world of Free and Open Source software.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
13 号


who we are

Jonni Bidwell My trusty desktop PC’s power supply has given up the ghost, so I’ve been enjoying laptop life lately. Pop!_OS really flies on the Dell XPS 13, but it’s only a matter of time before I install Arch. And then it’ll only be a matter of three to five days before everything is working. Christian Cawley I run Puppy Linux on my HP Envy 17 because it’s the only OS that enables this creaking desktop replacement to come close to meeting the potential of its impressive spec. If I could run Linux on my phone, I would –I’m looking forward to the Pro1 X in 2021. Nick Peers I’ve traditionally used Linux primarily on my desktop, or in a virtual machine. But I have big plans: to upgrade my QNAP NAS to a self-built,…

mobile mania

Get Linux on your laptop! There’s no doubt many of you already have, but just as with running Linux on a desktop there’s more than one way of getting things done for your laptop. Truth be told, laptops of old were more akin to butchered desktops and so things – software wise at least – transferred more easily for Linux users. Over the years hardware designers have steadily optimised mobile hardware, to the point where getting Linux on mobile devices has become increasingly difficult. Some of that is deliberate lockdown (the bad sort, of course) of hardware, but also modern power-efficiency tricks can trip up operating systems designed for desktop use. Elsewhere, obscure, almost bespoke peripherals can leave missing modules that are hard to track down. So we equipped Jonni with a…

github fights back against riaa

GitHub is fighting back after being issued with a DMCA (digital millennium copyright act) takedown notice from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The body claimed that by hosting the source code for youtube-dl, GitHub was in breach of the US copyright law. By enabling users to download YouTube videos, as the youtube-dl tool does, the RIAA argues this makes it possible for people to circumvent YouTube’s DRM. According to the DMCA request (which can be read in full at, “the comments in the youtube-dl source code make clear that the source code was designed and is marketed for the purpose of circumventing YouTube’s technological measures to enable unauthorised access to our member’s copyrighted works, and to make unauthorised copies and distributions thereof: they identify our member’s works.” While GitHub…

linux on new arm-based m1 macbooks?

Apple has recently unveiled yet another round of refreshes for its MacBook Air, MacBook Pro 13-inch and Mac Mini lineup, but unlike the refreshes launched in early 2020 that offered marginal spec increases, these new devices are pretty interesting. That’s because they’re no longer powered by Intel, but instead by Apple’s own ARM-based System on Chip (SoC), the M1. The M1-powered Macs offer much greater battery life and impressive performance. On our sister site TechRadar’s review of the new M1 MacBook Pro 13-inch ( ), their benchmark results in Cinebench show the M1 chip outperforming a ninth-generation Intel Core i7-based MacBook Pro 16-inch. However, what’s even more interesting is that these new M1 Macs will enable the enrolment of custom kernels into the Secure Boot policy, which is a change from the…

android 7.1 internet woes

Devices running Android 7.1 or earlier, may find the internet getting smaller in 2021. Let’s Encrypt, one of the world’s biggest certificate authorities, with around 30 per cent of all web domains using its certificates, is ending its partnership with IdenTrust on 1 September, 2021. Along with the company’s own ISRG Root X1 root certificate, Let’s Encrypt’s certificates were also cross-signed with the DST Root X3 root from IdenTrust. This means from that date, browsers and operating systems without the ISRG Root X1 certificate won’t work with websites and services using the certificate. As Let’s Encrypt’s blog post ( html) states, “older versions of Android will no longer trust certificates issued by Let’s Encrypt,” with anything older than Android 7.1.1 likely to encounter issues. While that version was released in late 2016,…

crystal db balls

“It’s that time of year where luminaries across the tech world try to predict what will happen in the next 12 months. First, a safe bet… database as a service (DBaaS) will continue to grow. DBaaS is the leading way to consume databases as it’s more convenient for developers and non-DBAs, which is most of us. However, most DBaaS are proprietary, so we’ll see more open source solutions emerging to fill this gap. We’ll also see plenty of innovation in languages and data models. SQL is the de facto standard for relational databases and for the majority of the database market, but there’s an increasing focus on SQL-like languages such as N1QL from Couchbase and CQL from Cassandra. For time-series databases with Prometheus, there’s promQL, which is gaining a lot of…