Linux Format September 2018

Linux Format is your complete guide to the world of Linux. Whether you've just discovered Linux, or you're a full-time guru, Linux Format has everything you need to make the most of your OS. The editorial formula is a mix of features, reviews and practical tutorials that tackle topics as far ranging as installing software to socket programming and network management. Thought-provoking features and interviews also provide a focus on key technologies, trends and issues in the fast-paced world of Free and Open Source software.

United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
13 号


who we are

Jonni Bidwell If we had access to UK rail passenger data, delays and carriage counts, we might not be able to make the trains run perfectly and wonderfully. But at least we could create nice visualisations of how atrocious they are and stultify train companies’ awful social media responses. John Knight Data harvesting usually has a negative connotation. I’d like to see applications as commonplace as Twitter that show users where their privacy is being compromised and where money may be disappearing, for households to make more informed decisions day to day. Nick Peers Open data should be used to explore the murky depths of who funds what. Then we might start to regain some control over those people and institutions who make huge decisions, not just supposedly on our behalf (governments), but that affect…

hack it all!

The internet joke is: I’ve installed Kali, now I’m Hackerman! Just having the tools doesn’t mean you’re an instant expert, but at least it’s a first step… This issue we’re taking our regular look into the world of hacking and we’re backing it up with Kali Linux on the disc alongside an in-depth look at the core tools you’ll need inside the magazine. We’re not promising to turn you into an expert (white-hat) hacker overnight, but we can at least set you off on the right path. We’re also keen to get you started with Linux, if you’re not already using it. With this in mind, on the DVD we’ve put the latest release of the cool Feren OS. Based on the popular Mint, it has a classic-styled desktop that everyone will…

are we in the middle of an open source funding crisis?

Open source projects are often less constrained by financial targets than their commercial cousins. Yet it also means that raising funds to keep such projects going can be a difficult process. Recently, we’ve seen a number of high-profile projects encounter funding issues, leading us to wonder if this is an unfortunate coincidence or a worrying trend. Liberapay, a non-profit alternative to Patreon that enables people to make donations to content creators, artists and projects, has revealed in a blog post ( that it’s in trouble. The issue is that Mangopay, the payment processing platform that Liberapay uses is, according to the blog, “throwing [Liberapay] out”. The blog continues that Mangopay hasn’t explained why it’s decided to kick Liberapay off its platform, though it does speculate that the open nature of Liberapay…

risc-v grows ever more popular

RISC-V, the open reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architecture has been growing in popularity. A while ago we reported on how Western Digital was aiming to create its own RISC-V-based chip by 2020. Now India’s first RISC-V chip has been revealed. Named Shakti, the project’s twitter feed ( announced that Linux boots on it. It’s a test chip taped-out on Intel’s 22nm FinFET technology, and the source code has been released at With no need to pay licencing fees for building their own chips, many start-ups have been using RISC-V, as IEEE Spectrum reports ( For example, French startup GreenWaves Technologies ( is using it to build a chip for Internet of Things devices, with the company choosing RISC-V architecture to avoid having to raise huge sums of money to…

vulkan to power android graphics

Vulkan, the cross-platform graphics and compute API, is growing in popularity. Part of its success is down to its low-overhead nature that enables developers to bring advanced 2D and 3D effects to a whole range of devices. Now there’s a suggestion that Google is planning to implement the Vulkan backend for the Skia graphics engine of its Android mobile operating system. While it won’t appear in the current Android 9 Pie release, it could make an appearance in Android 10 Q (Quiche?). As the XDA Developers website reports (, the evidence that this could be happening stems from a comment by a Google engineer on the Chromium Gerrit. The comment (which can be read at suggests that in the future there “will be a requirement” for Vulkan API support in the…

cleaner power

“Recently, The Linux Foundation launched LF Energy (LFE) to speed decarbonisation and accelerate the energy transition globally. The role of LFE is to help grow the community to build and support a common suite of tools, platforms, APIs and digital infrastructure extending across use cases in the energy sector. We’re organised around the goal of simplifying and standardising ICT for transmission, demand-side, generation, electric mobility and distribution markets. Because LFE is hosted at The Linux Foundation, we’re able to cross-pollinate with other industries and leverage their lessons learned through engagement with relevant open source projects. We’re working with the Core Infrastructure Initiative to ensure cyber-security is top of mind and baked into all our projects from the start. LFE is a neutral, collaborative environment that enables all stakeholders to deliver safe and reliable…