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MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Spring 2016

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History takes you on an exciting journey to the world's greatest battles and campaigns over the last 5,000 years, from ancient warfare through modern battles. Written by distinguished authors and historians who bring the world of history alive, the magazine covers in vivid detail the soldiers, leaders, tactics, and weapons throughout military history, and delivers it in an exquisitely illustrated, premium quality edition.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
HistoryNet
Frequency:
Quarterly
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4 Issues

in this issue

1 min.
flashback

COMFORT WOMEN, BURMA 1944 Korean “comfort women”—shown here after Allied forces took Burma—were dispatched by the Japanese to the front lines in World War II to serve as sex slaves to the soldiers. TODAY:In late December 2015 South Korea and Japan reached an accord for 1 billion yen (some $8 million) to be paid into a fund for 46 known survivors of the military brothels. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe also apologized for the women’s treatment. JAMES RIVER, VIRGINIA, 1862 A radical design built in a rush, the armored gunboat USS Monitor opened a new era in naval warfare. With two 11-inch cannons in a rotating turret, the ship had firepower, though its low freeboard prompted questions about seaworthiness. TODAY:The U.S. Navy’s innovative Zumwalt class guided-missile destroyer, to be commissioned in 2016, features a Monitor-like deckhouse…

6 min.
piqued at prestonpans

I’m sorry, but what a terrible article was Ron Soodalter’s “Scots Peak at Prestonpans” (Summer 2015). This was not Scotland vs. England, and yet Soodalter describes the Jacobites as “Scots”: More Scots fought against the Jacobites than for them. The interchangeable England or Britain is annoying too. It was Great Britain and the British Army after 1707. As for the “English” bayoneting the wounded “Scots,” that is complete disinformation on the part of the Scots Nationalists. I suggest the author stick to writing fiction or Wild West stories. John Graham Tobermory, Isle of Mull, UK via MHQmag.com RON SOODALTER RESPONDS: While I am disappointed that the article was not to your liking, perhaps I can address your objections. First, I never claim that all of Scotland fought against King George. I make it clear from…

4 min.
from soldiers to saints

MARCELLUS OF TANGIER (THIRD CENTURY AD) Rome’s ancient pagan rituals were strictly observed by its legions— no exceptions. While many Christians seem to have served as legionaries without incident, some paid a high price for their faith. In July 298 the centurion Marcellus, while in Tingis (Tangier), stood in front of his legion’s standards, removed his belt and sword, and refused to renew his military oath (sacramentum) because of his Christian beliefs. Marcellus was arrested and tried but would not recant. Found guilty of breaking his sacramentum and bringing disgrace to the office of centurion, he was beheaded by sword, as befitted his high status. He is now a saint in both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches. MARTIN OF TOURS (CA. 316–397) Born in the Roman province of Pannonia (roughly modern…

5 min.
massing for la république

Warfare in the 18th century was generally a precise, organized affair conducted by small, tightly disciplined professional armies, with the officer corps composed of aristocrats. The participation of the common people was not welcome. The French Revolution changed all that, proving to be as much a watershed in military affairs as it was in politics. Enthusiastic volunteer French armies rose to defend their country against Britain, Prussia, Spain, and Austria. These monarchical nations were utterly hostile to the republican government that had recently executed King Louis XVI. Their armies encircled France, but the French won great victories against them in 1792. Yet by early 1793 the initial French success had given way to a difficult and dangerous time for the revolutionary forces, as factions formed and fell into violent disagreement about…

1 min.
battle schemes italy’s alps, 1702: a grand theater of war

In this elaborate engraving, a confident Prince Eugene of Savoy commands forces of the Holy Roman Empire as they move into the Alps during the War of the Spanish Succession. The 13-year conflict, sparked by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain, pitted the French Bourbons against a Grand Alliance formed by England, the Netherlands, the Holy Roman Empire, and ultimately several German states. Below the larger Alpine scene, smaller images depict the Italian fortified city of Cremona (far left), where Eugene’s forces captured a French commander in 1702 (center left). The lower portion of the engraving features a detailed map, “drawn on the memories of the cleverest engineers,” of roads and armed encampments in northern Italy. The entire engraving anchors the upper left corner of a quadriptych titled,…

6 min.
behind the lines spoils of war

“These I saw…and I was surprised to see them: plenty of people; the ships on the sea, the aeroplanes, the motor cars and jeeps, the ship [that] goes in sea and land, all sorts of launches, all sorts of different languages, all sorts of men, white and brown and black.” So reported one islander in the Solomons. By early 1943 the Americans had driven the Japanese from Guadalcanal and the southern Solomons, with the help of locals. The islanders had scouted and spied for the Americans, guided their downed pilots through enemy territory, carried supplies to GI positions, and generally joined the Allied cause. Among his other divine abilities, John Frum was a master of planes The locals were impressed with American inclusiveness and generosity—in stark contrast to Japanese brutality—and with the…