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MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Spring 2018

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History takes you on an exciting journey to the world's greatest battles and campaigns over the last 5,000 years, from ancient warfare through modern battles. Written by distinguished authors and historians who bring the world of history alive, the magazine covers in vivid detail the soldiers, leaders, tactics, and weapons throughout military history, and delivers it in an exquisitely illustrated, premium quality edition.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
HistoryNet
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4 Issues

In this issue

1 min.
announcing

“Teddy,” my father once said to me, “become a lawyer, and I guarantee you’ll make a million bucks by the time you’re thirty. I remember looking him in the eye and saying, “Pop, I think I want to be a writer instead.”—Thomas Fleming MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History is pleased and excited to announce the Thomas Fleming Awards for Outstanding Military History Writing. Tom Fleming, who died in July 2017, was a valued contributor to MHQ and a prolific historian whose writing career spanned more than 50 years. He went to great lengths to encourage young writers and to advance his profession in the public eye. MHQ aims to honor Fleming’s remarkable contributions to the field by inviting our readers—some of the world’s most knowledgeable professional and amateur military historians—to submit…

2 min.
opening round

Paper cartridges were widely used throughout the 19th century, from the Napoleonic Wars up to the American Civil War, when the advent of modern metallic cartridges rendered them all but obsolete. Typically marrying a fixed amount of gunpowder with a ball or bullet, paper cartridges eliminated the step of measuring out each load of powder on the battlefield. A soldier could quickly tear the paper “tail” from the rear end of the cartridge with his teeth and neatly pour the powder into the barrel. Most often paper cartridges were weapon-specific, with an optimal powder charge and a correctly sized projectile. The paper-wrapped .58 caliber minié cartridge shown below, for example, was made for the Model 1861 musket—the muzzle-loading Springfield rifle widely used by the Union army during the Civil War. Casper…

1 min.
flashback

AMSTERDAM, 1944 The Gestapo captures 15-year-old Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family, along with four others, in the secret annex of an Amsterdam warehouse, where they have been hiding from Nazi authorities for more than two years. TODAY: A team of 20 researchers, data analysts, and historians are employing artificial-intelligence technology and modern forensic science in an effort to solve the 75-year-old mystery of who betrayed Frank and her family. HANOVER, GERMANY, 1943 A series of 88 air raids by the RAF Bomber Command and the U.S. Army Air Forces—which drop nearly a million high-explosive, incendiary, and fire bombs on the city—leave 6,782 dead and another 250,000 homeless. TODAY: More than 50,000 residents of Hanover—about a tenth of the city’s total population—are evacuated so that munitions experts can defuse three unexploded bombs that were…

3 min.
discordant notes

Trib-ulations I enjoyed Elliot Carlson’s piece on the Chicago Sunday Tribune article that could have alerted the Japanese that their naval code had been broken [“Midway Betrayal,” Winter 2018]. As to whether the Japanese read the newspaper, I note an article the Trib ran on December 8, 1941, also with a Washington dateline. It stated that the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor with four-motor bombers. The article went on to say that because “no navy has yet succeeded in launching big bombers from a carrier,” the planes must have flown from a Japanese-controlled island, the closest of which was some 2,400 miles from Hawaii. Further, the article said, it would have been impossible for the planes— with a likely range of 4,000 miles—to carry out the attack and return to base. It suggested…

2 min.
the other hitler

Is it true that Adolf Hitler’s nephew served in the U.S. Navy during World War II? Esther Wloch Plymouth, Michigan Yes. William Patrick Hitler was born on March 12, 1911, in Liverpool, England, to Adolf Hitler’s halfbrother, Alois Hitler Jr., and Irish-born Bridget Dowling. In 1933 William went to Germany and, capitalizing on his uncle’s election as chancellor, managed to get a position in the Reichskreditbank and, later, in the Opel automobile factory. In 1939 William told the Philadelphia Inquirer that his uncle had offered to get him a job with the Hamburg-American Line but that he had said no because “the salary was too small.” William then threatened to sell embarrassing stories about his family to newspapers if his “personal circumstances” didn’t improve, and he soon followed through on the threat by…

7 min.
kill orders

Counterinsurgency operations, by their very nature, often require military personnel to operate in the midst of civilian populations. In such cases, the judicious and lawful use of military force becomes as important as direct combat. When lawful warfare gives way to criminal conduct, it is sometimes because individual soldiers step over the line, but at other times it results from unlawful orders from above. In terms of its ultimate outcome, the Philippine-American War of 1899–1902 has historically been regarded as the U.S. Army’s most successful war of counterinsurgency. Still, it was marked by allegations of widespread killing of civilians, the torture of prisoners, and, on occasion, orders that flagrantly violated the laws of war. The most infamous incident of the war was the one that resulted in the “Howling Wilderness” court-martial…