MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Fall 2019

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History takes you on an exciting journey to the world's greatest battles and campaigns over the last 5,000 years, from ancient warfare through modern battles. Written by distinguished authors and historians who bring the world of history alive, the magazine covers in vivid detail the soldiers, leaders, tactics, and weapons throughout military history, and delivers it in an exquisitely illustrated, premium quality edition.

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4 Números

en este número

2 min.
opening round

Georg Luger (1849–1923) may be best known for the semiautomatic pistol that bears his name, but the cartridge he designed for it in 1902—the 9 x 19mm Parabellum—undoubtedly has an even greater claim to fame: By most accounts, it’s the world’s most widely used pistol ammunition. Born in Austria in 1849, Luger grew up in Italy, where his family had moved shortly after he was born. He later returned to Austria to study at a business school in Vienna, but at age 18 Luger volunteered for the military, where his good marksmanship brought him to the attention of his superiors; he was sent to the Austro-Hungarian Military Firearms School at Camp Bruckneudorf, where he soon became an instructor. He left the military in 1871 but never lost his interest in automatic…

1 min.

SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, 1779 Casimir Pulaski, who was born in Poland in 1745 but in 1777 joined the fight for American independence, is mortally wounded in battle and later buried in an unmarked grave. TODAY: Although Pulaski identified and lived as a man, a new DNA analysis suggests that “the father of the American cavalry,” as he became known, was most likely intersex. CORAL SEA, 1942 On September 15 Japanese submarine I-19 torpedoes the aircraft carrier USS Wasp at close range, turning it into a blazing inferno and leaving 194 men “killed or missing.” TODAY: A research team bankrolled by Paul Allen, the late multibillionaire, locates the wreckage of the USS Wasp two and a half miles below the surface of the Coral Sea. FORT KLAMATH, OREGON, 1873 U.S. military authorities hang Modoc Indians “Schonchin John” and “Captain…

3 min.
future tense

Predictable Regarding the War List in the Summer 2019 issue of MHQ [“I See…,” by Alan Green], I remember when Parade magazine asked Jeane Dixon during the Watergate scandal whether President Richard Nixon would be impeached. Her answer was no, but she went on to predict that a president in the ’90s would be impeached, would not be removed from office, and would become more popular as a result. I could not understand at the time how that could be, but she was right. Robert Bushard St. Paul, Minnesota FROM THE EDITOR: We were unable to find the prediction you mention, but a 2002 Associated Press story about the self-described psychic and astrologer pointed out that in 1978—four years after Nixon’s resignation—she predicted that “a future president will be implicated in misconduct, and even worse than…

1 min.
at the front

SEMPER FIDO He was the youngest enlistee in Marine Corps history—even in dog years. Jiggs’s owner, Brigadier General Smedley Butler had purchased the English bulldog in 1921 with the idea of making him the official mascot of the Marine Corps. After Butler signed his enlistment papers in an official ceremony in 1922, Jiggs quickly rocketed up the ranks from private to sergeant major. In 1926 he posed for this photo with Corporal Lewis Burwell “Chesty” Puller, who would go on to become the most decorated U.S. Marine in history. When Jiggs died the following year, he was buried with full military honors at Quantico.…

10 min.
the perils of ambiguity

A recurring issue in warfare—one that appears in the records of every modern conflict—is how prisoners of war should be dealt with. The summary execution of prisoners is clearly a war crime, as is refusing to accept an enemy’s surrender when he signals his desire to capitulate. In the confusion of battle, however, circumstances are not always so straightforward. To what degree are soldiers required to risk their own lives to capture an enemy who aims to kill them right up to the last moment? And what legal requirements apply to soldiers who face an enemy that has a record of ignoring white flags, for example, or violating other surrender conditions? Winston Churchill once said that a prisoner of war “is a man who tries to kill you, and having failed…

13 min.
the gospel according to marshall

Long before he became assistant commandant of the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, George C. Marshall had recognized the need to reform how the school trained officers for future conflicts. After serving as a key planner of American operations in World War I, including the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, he had become an aide to General John J. Pershing, who established boards to evaluate the lessons the various branches of the American Expeditionary Forces learned while fighting in Europe. Once stateside, Marshall went to work, sifting through the boards’ reports and the AEF’s records. As he reviewed the documents, the tragic wastefulness of the American war effort—green recruits thrown into combat with insufficient training—came into focus. Summarizing what he had found for the January 1921 issue of Infantry Journal, Marshall…