MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Fall 2016

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History takes you on an exciting journey to the world's greatest battles and campaigns over the last 5,000 years, from ancient warfare through modern battles. Written by distinguished authors and historians who bring the world of history alive, the magazine covers in vivid detail the soldiers, leaders, tactics, and weapons throughout military history, and delivers it in an exquisitely illustrated, premium quality edition.

United States
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4 Números

en este número

1 min.

TAY NINH, SOUTH VIETNAM, MARCH 1965 Hovering U.S. Army helicopters pour machine-gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border. TODAY:President Barack Obama announces that the United States will fully lift the longstanding U.S. embargo on sales of lethal military equipment to Vietnam—a decision, he says, that is “based on our desire to complete what has been a lengthy process of moving toward normalization with Vietnam.” SHUSHA, ARMENIA, MARCH 1920 Azerbaijani armed forces turn the Armenian boroughs of Shusha into an inferno, destroying some 2,000 buildings and wiping out the city’s Armenian population. Ghazanchetsots Cathedral (background, center) is defaced but left standing. TODAY:With the roots of their conflict…

3 min.
comments our man in anzio

I am writing regarding MHQ Summer 2016, Volume 28, No. 4. The cover photo is my father, Carl E. Gallion Sr., of Jenkins, Kentucky. He is still living and will be 93 years old in December 2016. Although he is nonambulatory, he is still intellectually cognizant and his memory is intact. If you would like to follow up on the Anzio story, he is willing to provide information, since he was serving with the 45th Infantry for the entire Anzio campaign. He thoroughly enjoyed the cover of your magazine. It made his day! Carl Gallion Jr. Berea, Kentucky EDITOR’S RESPONSE: We did contact Carl Gallion Jr., and with his thoughtful assistance conducted an interview with his father, who was indeed the subject of MHQ’s Summer issue cover photograph by George Silk. Carl…

5 min.
laws of war the court-martial of colonel billy mitchell, 1925

American aviator William “Billy” Mitchell was born in Nice, France, in 1879, and grew up speaking French as well as he spoke English. He joined the U.S. Army on the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898 and as a second lieutenant saw action against the guerrillas of Emilio Aguinaldo in the Philippines. After the war he led a pathfinding mission for a telegraph cable route across the Alaskan wilderness. While journeying across the territory’s vast expanses, he developed a keen interest in aviation, then a brand-new technology. He worked as an intelligence officer for the U.S. Army General Staff in 1912 and learned to fly in 1915. After the United States entered World War I on the side of the Allies in April 1917, Mitchell, by then a colonel, was…

1 min.
battle schemes 1848: europe in revolt all over the map

For much of 1848 and 1849 Europe was convulsed by revolutions, especially in the Austrian Empire. Made up of multi-ethnic groups ranging from Poles, Slovaks, Hungarians, and Slovenes to Italians, Croats, and Slavs, it was a hotbed of independence movements eager to break free from Vienna. The uprisings spread quickly, but by late 1849 they had been brutally suppressed and many of their ringleaders executed. The creator of this picture map, published in Prague, has highlighted the regions of the empire and incorporated vignettes of the various revolts. The large uncolored region delineated by the orange boundary is Hungary with its capital Budapest (Ofen Pest) astride the Danube (1). The city is surrounded by scenes of fighting and of cheering volunteers interspersed with small images of gibbets (2) signifying the…

7 min.
experience wounded…and what happens afterward

Bert Payne was bright and unflappable, with a reputation for good old common sense, so he was soon promoted and made a scout. Scouts were the eyes and ears of the battalion, on whose work lives depended. Payne was good at his job—so good, in fact, that he shot a British officer out for a walk in no man’s land through the hat when the officer failed to respond to his hail. By the time of the Battle of the Somme, Payne had already saved hundreds of lives. Historian Emily Mayhew used oral histories and interviews with the Payne family to reconstruct his experiences at the battle. Orders finally came through. They were to take the right-hand flank around the village of Montauban. The target was a small ridge, plain for…

8 min.
behind the lines antwerp, 1914

Whoever controlled the Belgian coast controlled the English Channel and whoever controlled the Channel threatened the maritime perimeter of the British Isles. That was the center of gravity in the United Kingdom’s national security strategy during the era when capital warships were the world’s ultimate global-weapons system. Yet ships of the line, and later the Dreadnought-class battleships, were not invulnerable. They depended on secure ports, reliable fueling and provisioning stations, and secure coastlines in narrow waterways. If a friendly or neutral power controlled the Belgian coast—and in 1914 Belgium was neutral—the Channel was relatively secure. But if a hostile power threatened to occupy Belgium, the United Kingdom’s only recourse, in the opinion of generations of British policymakers, was war. That threat materialized on August 3, 1914, when Germany declared war on…