MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History Summer 2016

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History takes you on an exciting journey to the world's greatest battles and campaigns over the last 5,000 years, from ancient warfare through modern battles. Written by distinguished authors and historians who bring the world of history alive, the magazine covers in vivid detail the soldiers, leaders, tactics, and weapons throughout military history, and delivers it in an exquisitely illustrated, premium quality edition.

United States
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4 Números

en este número

1 min.

NAKTONG RIVER, SOUTH KOREA, AUGUST, 1950 North Korean forces under premier Kim Il Sung invaded South Korea and drove South Korean and UN forces south to the Pusan perimeter; the Naktong River was the last line of defense. The river was crossed, the defense line penetrated notably by the North Korean 4th Infantry Division, and weeks of bitter fighting ensued before U.S. reinforcements pushed the North Koreans back.TODAY:Political tensions and military exercises and demonstrations, including artillery exchanges and North Korea’s firing of ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan, escalate, with premier Kim Jong Un threatening to attack the South Korean capital and Washington, D.C. PEARL HARBOR, HAWAII, JULY 1958 Crewmen ready USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear submarine, for an epic journey to England the hard way, by navigating beneath the ice…

5 min.
champlain fight

In the closing paragraphs of his Spring 2016 article on Benedict Arnold and the 1776 campaign on Lake Champlain [“The Hero Before the Traitor”], James Kirby Martin implies what others infer from naval historian Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan’s words, that the Battle of Valcour Island played a significant role in delaying the British campaign in 1776. It did not. What significantly delayed the British campaign initially was not “Arnold’s military brilliance and daring,” as Martin says, but his ability to get the American fleet built and operational. This fleet caused the British commander, Governor Guy Carleton, to wait until he had an adequate fleet to counter Arnold’s. This delay lasted until October 4, when the British had the Inflexible ready. The Valcour battle was fought on October 11. After being defeated, the…

1 min.
ask mhq

Full Circle: From Cannon to Cross I read in an article on the Crimean War that the story of the Victoria Cross being made of bronze from captured Russian guns is apocryphal. Is that so? Declan King Purcellville, Virginia After some eight months of research John Glanfield, who will be publishing a history of the Victoria Cross on its 150th anniversary, has indeed revealed that cascabels sawn from the two Russian guns captured at Sebastopol in 1854—and possibly other cannons— were only used for the first 560 medals struck since the VC was inaugurated on January 26, 1856. In December 1914 the British sawed off the cascabels from two cannons held at Woolwich, which have proven to have Chinese inscriptions, although their original use and how they fell into British hands remain a mystery.…

5 min.
the pentagon papers leak

On Sunday, June 13, 1971, a story by Neil Sheehan appeared on the front page of the New York Times under the headline, VIETNAM ARCHIVE: PENTAGON STUDY TRACES 3 DECADES OF GROWING U.S. INVOLVEMENT. The Pentagon Papers, as the trove of top-secret documents described in Sheehan’s article came to be known, was a 2.5 million-word official history that traced America’s growing involvement in Vietnam from Harry Truman’s administration through Lyndon Johnson’s. According to the Times article, the papers showed that these administrations had “progressively developed a sense of commitment to a noncommunist Viet Nam” but came to be frustrated with their efforts “to a much greater extent than their public pronouncements acknowledged at the time.” The Pentagon study demonstrated that the four prior administrations had lied to the American people as…

2 min.
the chichimecs take central mexico

Long before the Spaniards arrived in central Mexico, the region’s indigenous people recorded history using pictographs. Even after the 1521 Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, native scribes continued to produce nonreligious pictographic histories at least until the end of the 16th century. The Codex Xolotl (ca. 1540), a book of 10 plates and three fragments of pictographs on indigenous bark paper (amatl), is one extant example. It tells the history of Mexico’s central basin, focusing on the city-state of Texcoco, from the 12th to the 15th centuries. The codex begins with the arrival around ad 1172 of Texcoco’s founder, Xolotl, who establishes himself on the west shore of Lake Texcoco. In the lower left quadrant of plate 2, Xolotl, whose glyph is a dog’s head, is sitting on an authority…

7 min.
mud, blood, fog, and fire

13 June, Tuesday At 5 p.m., order for departure at 6:30. We are going to be quartered in the Citadel of Verdun. Faces are grave. The guns are thundering over there. It’s a real furnace, everyone realizes that perhaps tomorrow death will come. Numerous rumors are circulating; we are going to “Mort-Homme” which has been captured by the Boches; or to the Fort at Vaux….What is certain, nothing good lies in store for us. We arrive at the Citadel at 10 p.m. after a difficult march through the mud. 15 June, Thursday We spend the day in the Citadel waiting. The guns fire ceaselessly. Huge shells (380s–420s) crash down on Verdun causing serious damage. I walk as far as the town; it’s in ruins and deserted.… The Citadel is a real underground town, with…