Vietnam October 2021

Vietnam Magazine Presents the full & true stories from America’s most controversial & divisive war. Vietnam is the only magazine exclusively devoted to telling the full story of the Vietnam war, with gripping firsthand accounts and carefully researched articles by Vietnam war veterans of the conflict and top military historians.

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6 Números

en este número

3 min.
an ovation for uso tours

The Reflections article “A Breakfast Surprise” in the August 2021 issue by Hardy W. Bryan (visited by Miss America 1972 Laurie Lea Schaefer and other pageant contestants who were in Saigon on a USO tour) reminded me of a similar situation involving a USO visit headed by none other than Mr. Bob Hope. He put on a show at Long Binh in 1969. I was assigned to the 8th Military Police Group, Criminal Investigation (Provisional) during the time of the show. U.S. Army special agent criminal investigators are trained in VIP security. My partner and I were detailed to provide security for Mr. Hope and his troupe. It was rumored that the Viet Cong and/or the North Vietnamese Army had a bounty of $100,000 in gold for his death. Hence,…

2 min.
southeast asians seek compensation for defoliant illnesses

The effects of chemical defoliants used during the Vietnam War are still being felt among Southeast Asians, who have recently been struggling to raise awareness of related adverse health effects among local populations. U.S. forces dropped an estimated 18 million gallons of Agent Orange—containing TCDD, one of the most toxic chemicals ever produced—on Vietnam during the 1960s and ’70s. A lawsuit by a 79-year-old French-Vietnamese woman, Tran To Nga, against 14 makers of Agent Orange was rejected by a French court this May. Tran, a former Viet Cong member, says she suffers diseases related to Agent Orange after being sprayed with the poisonous herbicide in the mid-1960s. The lawsuit, filed in 2014, sought to hold companies accountable for harming the environment and Vietnamese people. A French court declined to hear the…

3 min.
did the cia lead an assassination program?

In June 1967, Robert Komer, a former top aide to President Lyndon B. Johnson, was in Vietnam to initiate a CIA-inspired plan to round up Viet Cong leaders in an operation that became known as the Phoenix Program—one of the most misunderstood aspects of the war. Komer worked for Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, as director of the Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support program, or CORDS—a “pacification” effort to gain the support of the South Vietnamese population through civic improvements, enhanced security and aggressive action to neutralize (kill, capture or persuade to defect) Viet Cong agents who ran shadow communist governments in thousands of hamlets and towns. The task was difficult. Most underground agents, formally the Viet Cong Infrastructure, possessed government identity papers (real or forged), used aliases and did not carry…

7 min.
david petraeus

Hailed as one of the great battle captains of our time, Gen. David H. Petraeus developed an interest in the Vietnam War as a cadet at the U.S. Military Academy and examined the war’s effect on the Army’s senior leadership in his doctoral dissertation at Princeton. Those lessons stayed with him when he assumed command of U.S. forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. After graduating from West Point in 1974, Petraeus spent the better part of the next four decades rising to high positions in the Army. He commanded the 101st Airborne Division during the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 and was later dispatched to head up Multinational Security Transition Command-Iraq, where he assumed responsibility for organizing, training and equipping Iraqi security forces. Appointed commander of Multinational Force-Iraq in 2007, Petraeus presided…

1 min.
pilot shot down in laos finally brought home to rest

The remains of an Air Force lieutenant shot down over Laos on Jan. 17, 1967, were interred in his home state of Wyoming on July 21, 2021. First Lt. Alva Ray Krogman, known as Ray, was born in Worland on April 12, 1941. He became an Eagle Scout, was president of his senior class in high school and earned an All State Honorable Mention as a football player. His mother described him in an interview as a “very ambitious” young man who “wanted to be a leader.” Krogman graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1964. After assignments in the United States, he was sent to Southeast Asia as a “forward air controller” flying a Cessna O-1F Bird Dog, a small propeller-driven plane. Forward air controllers were spotter pilots who scouted…

1 min.
a history of sacrifices

Among America’s 10 major wars, the largest percentage of service members killed in battle occurred in the Union forces during the Civil War, when 6.3 percent of the force died from enemy fire. Vietnam had the sixth largest percentage, 1.4 percent–47,434 battle deaths from November 1955 to May 1975 out of 3.4 million who served in Southeast Asia (primarily 1965-1973). BATTLE DEATHS AS A PERCENTAGE OF SERVICE MEMBERS IN AMERICA’S MAJOR WARS THE PRECISE NUMBER OF TROOPS IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION IS NOT KNOWN. ESTIMATES RANGE FROM 184,000 TO 250,000. THE LISTED FIGURE IS AN AVERAGE. IN THE CIVIL WAR, THE TOTAL NUMBER OF CONFEDERATE SERVICE MEMBERS IS NOT KNOWN. ESTIMATES RANGE FROM 600,000 TO 1,500,000, FOR AN AVERAGE FIGURE OF 1,050,000. THE ESTIMATE FOR BATTLE DEATHS IS 74,524—ABOUT 7 PERCENT OF…