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ARCHAEOLOGY

ARCHAEOLOGY January - February 2017

ARCHAEOLOGY magazine offers readers incisive reporting, vivid storytelling, compelling photography – and the latest news from around the globe – all devoted to exploring the world’s ancient past. Whether reporting from a dive on an Arctic shipwreck, trekking through Afghanistan, or digging just beneath Beirut, ARCHAEOLOGY’s editors and writers bring readers the science, and the magic, of archaeological discovery.

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Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Archaeological Institute of America
Frequency:
Bimonthly
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6 Issues

in this issue

2 min.
thinking back, looking ahead

This year’s “Top 10 Discoveries” (page 26) explores the vast array of human activity— from side-by-side native Taino and Christian inscriptions on Mona Island, Puerto Rico, to evidence of the true extent of Cambodia’s Khmer Empire, and from 10,000-year-old signs of warfare at Lake Turkana, Kenya, to 400 wooden tablets containing the earliest written mention of London. ArchAeology’s editors have chosen these Top 10 finds as the best way to ring out the old year and welcome in a new one. In that same vein, as ArchAeology enters its 69th year, we want to renew our commitment to the magazine’s future—and to you, our readers. Creative director Richard Bleiweiss has introduced a gentle change to the design of our pages to help us remain, as always, contemporary. What you will see…

2 min.
the aia today and tomorrow

The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) is the largest and oldest archaeological organization in North America. From its beginnings in 1879 it has supported excavations in the United States and abroad and has informed the wider world about the results of those investigations. ArchAeology magazine is the AIA publication through which members of the general public learn of the work of archaeologists across the globe. More detailed, scholarly accounts appear in the AIA’s highly rated American Journal of Archaeology, and in books published by the AIA. The AIA’s national lecture program is carried out in 110 Local Societies, situated throughout the United States and elsewhere. Renowned archaeologists themselves discuss their fieldwork and latest discoveries. The AIA takes seriously its commitment to preserving the world’s archaeological heritage. In recent years we have…

4 min.
from our readers

REVISITING A ROYAL RESIDENCE I was delighted to see the article on Gyeongju in South Korea (“Korea’s Half Moon Palace,” November/December 2016). I’ve had the pleasure of visiting the fascinating site of the old Silla capital. The entire area should be an archaeologist’s dream, as there are many interesting facets of the site. I hope you will follow up with more on the unfolding picture now that the nation has begun to truly dig into their very interesting past. Richard Underwood Urbana, IL ANCIENT ACOUSTICS Thank you for the lovely feature “The Temple Builders of Malta” in your November/December 2016 issue. Having studied this subject for many years, I was delighted to find fresh coverage from a new perspective. Particularly interesting to read was Reuben Grima’s informed idea about the intentionality of using natural fault…

12 min.
from the trenches

PROTEINS SOLVE A HOMININ PUZZLE Around 40,000 years ago, modern humans made their way into Europe, sweeping through the continent and, eventually, driving to extinction our close relatives, the Neanderthals. Exactly how that process took place is still up for debate. Tangled up in that conversation are questions about the sophistication of Neanderthals, including whether they were capable of artistic expression, or made jewelry or complex stone tools. Archaeologists agree that hand axes and scrapers were definitely part of the Neanderthal toolkit, and modern humans are credited with developing points made of bone and antler, as well as flint blades. But in between these two types of technology, chronologically, are the so-called Châtelperronian tools, characterized by sawtooth edges and knives with convex backs. Researchers are still unsure which hominin was responsible for…

2 min.
off the grid

Rogers Island, in the middle of New York’s Hudson River about an hour north of Albany, is part of a large eighteenth-century fort and supply base built by the British in 1755 and used throughout the French and Indian War (1754–1763). During that time, expansion of the fort—to accommodate at least 16,000 soldiers—made the island and the riverbank village of Fort Edward the largest city in colonial North America, after New York and Philadelphia. Many consider the fort to be the spiritual home of the U.S. Army Rangers, as that was where Major Robert Rogers wrote his 28 “Rules of Ranging” in 1757 to dictate principles of reconnaissance and guerilla forest warfare. (Number 21: “If the enemy pursue your rear, take a circle till you come to your own tracks,…

1 min.
hungry minds

Brain size has traditionally been seen as the best way of comparing the intelligence levels of human ancestors. Now a team of researchers believes it has found a more accurate gauge: cerebral metabolic rate, or the amount of energy consumed by the cerebrum, which can be estimated based on the amount of blood delivered to it. As a proxy for cerebral blood flow, they measured the size of openings in the base of the skull through which the internal carotid arteries pass. The team studied 35 skulls from 12 hominin species, including Australopithecus africanus, Homo erectus, Neanderthals, and modern humans. They found that, over more than three million years of evolution, hominin brain size has increased 350 percent—while cerebral blood flow has increased 600 percent. “This suggests that brain metabolism was…