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ARCHAEOLOGY

ARCHAEOLOGY May - June 2017

ARCHAEOLOGY magazine offers readers incisive reporting, vivid storytelling, compelling photography – and the latest news from around the globe – all devoted to exploring the world’s ancient past. Whether reporting from a dive on an Arctic shipwreck, trekking through Afghanistan, or digging just beneath Beirut, ARCHAEOLOGY’s editors and writers bring readers the science, and the magic, of archaeological discovery.

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Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
Archaeological Institute of America
Frequency:
Bimonthly
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6 Issues

in this issue

2 min.
speaking volumes

It spanned 73 miles, running the entire width of Great Britain, and was constructed in roughly six years under the leadership of the Roman emperor Hadrian. From the early second century a.d., and for the next 300 years, Hadrian’s Wall did more than define a border. In our special section “The Wall at the End of the Empire” (page 26), executive editor Jarrett A. Lobell details how the wall was built, the defensive system of which it was a part, and why it is still regarded today as one of the most enduring and fluent statements of Roman power. Fluency of a different sort is at the heart of “When the Ancient Greeks Began to Write” (page 44), by online editor Eric A. Powell. Newly discovered inscriptions are allowing researchers to close…

2 min.
next steps at the aia

As we move ahead at the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA), it is important to acknowledge its distinguished past. The AIA was founded in 1879 and, in 1885, launched the prestigious American Journal of Archaeology (AJA), which continues publication to this day as a top-rated scientific, peer-reviewed journal. In 1906, the AIA was recognized and chartered by the United States Congress. In 1919, the AIA was admitted to the American Council of Learned Societies, whose mission is “the advancement of humanistic studies in all fields of learning in the humanities and the social sciences and the maintenance and strengthening of relations among [them].” As a learned society, the AIA represents and serves professional archaeologists— in particular, a core constituency of classical and Mediterranean archaeologists—within the broader context of the humanities…

3 min.
from our readers

CAREER PATH I look forward to every issue of ArchAeology. When I was deciding on a major during my freshman year in college in 1963, archaeology was on my short list of favorites. I eventually decided on geology as the major in which I could most likely make a career. But I never lost my interest in archaeology, and today, as a retired geologist, I have the time to read articles and books on the subject. In addition to the main articles, I really enjoy the short ones in the “From the Trenches” section. The magazine opens up the world of archaeology to me, for which I am truly grateful. Steven Lower Cushing, OK WHEN ANGER OVERWHELMS In the March/April 2017 issue, in the article “The First American Revolution,” archaeologist Matthew Liebmann described the…

3 min.
scroll search

In 1946 or 1947, a Bedouin goatherd found a number of ancient texts in a cave overlooking the Dead Sea and the ruins of the town of Qumran in the West Bank. Searches over the next decade yielded around 900 mostly fragmentary ancient Jewish texts in 11 different caves. These texts, known as the Dead Sea Scrolls, are among the greatest archaeological discoveries of the twentieth century. Written primarily on parchment and papyrus, they date from between the third century b.c. and the first century a.d. and include almost all of the Hebrew Bible, texts related to it known as Apocrypha, and the writings of a Hebrew sect thought to have been based at Qumran, most likely the Essenes. The texts offer valuable insights into debates about Jewish law and…

2 min.
off the grid

In the 1950s, the U.S. government funded the Dalles Dam Project to build hydroelectric capacity for the Northwest and beyond. The project was completed in 1957, but the rising waters behind the dam forever changed a stretch of the river valley separating Washington and Oregon. The area had long been a gathering place for people from the Warm Springs, Yakama, Umatilla, and Nez Perce tribes. Their modern descendants opposed the dam construction and feared that ancient rock art there would be submerged. Although they were not able to stop the project, the tribes were able to save approximately 40 artworks by having them jackhammered out of the cliffs. In the early 2000s, the artworks were taken out of storage and placed in a permanent outdoor display called Tamani Pesh-Wa, or…

1 min.
a cornucopia of condiments

More than 13,000 jars and ceramic pots that once held jams and other condiments from the Victorian era were unearthed during construction of a new railway station on Tottenham Court Road in London’s West End. The containers— four tons in all—were found in a cistern at the site of a Crosse & Blackwell factory and warehouse that operated from 1830 until 1921. The cistern probably held water used to provide steam power and was rendered unnecessary due to renovations carried out in the 1870s, according to Nigel Jeffries, an archaeologist with Museum of London Archaeology. “I think it was a very swift accumulation,” he says. “The cistern was probably filled over the course of a couple of weeks.” Most of the containers appear to have been discarded intact, and the labels…