Cultura & Literatura
All About History Book of the Founding of the United States

All About History Book of the Founding of the United States

Vol 4

In History of the United States, we highlight the iconic leaders, fierce conflicts and unforgettable events that have defined this great nation. From its revolutionary origins to its rise to superpower status, discover the fascinating history of the USA.

País:
United Kingdom
Língua:
English
Editora:
Future Publishing Ltd
Periodicidade:
One-off
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nesta edição

1 minutos
founding of the united states

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin are names known around the world for their part in founding what is arguably the world’s most powerful nation. Despite its relatively short history, the U.S. has seen diverse change, from its inception as a colony of the British Crown, through revolution and a turbulent social history. Here, we take a look at how those changes happened, from the 18th Century wars that began the revolution and led to America’s independence, to the events that led to the creation of the U.S. Constitution. This landmark document, upon which modern American law is built, is examined here, including a look at the original document itself, the numerous amendments that ensure it remains relevant, and in-depth analysis of the huge part it has played in…

3 minutos
introduction

The United States of America was wrenched from the core of the 18th Century—the “Age of Enlightenment.” The journey began quietly with the scratching of a quill pen and then was thrust home at the point of a bayonet. Guttering candles at writing desks bloomed into torches leading ragged troops across frozen fields in the dead of night. The scholarly treatises of John Locke and the admonitions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau were replaced with hurriedly scribbled marching orders, the simple words in soldiers’ diaries, and carefully penned documents of conscience and moral principle. The route to independence began in 1763 at the end of the French and Indian War. Britain was triumphant, but financially crippled and exhausted by the global Seven Years War. Their North American Colonies were a rich market for…

1 minutos
a map of the revolutionary war

The Revolutionary War mirrors the societies that waged the conflict. It lasted seven years and yet relatively few key battles were fought and casualties were relatively light. Smallpox and infections killed more combatants than those killed with battlefield weapons. Washington very likely saved the revolution by insisting his troops be inoculated early on in the conflict. Another reason for the few key battles was the habit of 18th century armies to go into winter quarters and come out to fight again in the spring. Roads were terrible or non-existent and communications traveled as fast as a galloping horse. Armies and their baggage trudged along at a snail’s pace, hindered by the bad quality of shoes and boots. Light casualties despite the stand-up methods of mass firepower also reveal the gross inaccuracy…

2 minutos
a map of the 1812 war

The War of 1812 resulted from pride and suffered insult as much as a duel between two nations who still chafed over a conflict 30 years in the past. The Americans were beset by internal struggle over an economy and social issues that threatened to destroy its fragile framework, and an enemy – Great Britain – that continued to bully the young republic. The United States was unprepared for war, but aggressive “War Hawks” in Congress demanded battlefield satisfaction from their persistent nemesis. Indian raids into U. S. territories were encouraged by the British in Canada. American trade was constricted on the high seas and her sailors were impressed into the Royal Navy as it battled Napoleon. Indiana Territorial Governor William Henry Harrison’s punishment of the tribal confederation headed Tecumseh…

4 minutos
the french & indian war ends 1763

By 1761, most of the shooting in the French and Indian War had stopped and Great Britain held dominion over virtually all of what had once belonged to France on the continent of North America. In 1759, General James Wolfe had died on the Plains of Abraham before the fall of Quebec. In 1755, General Edward Braddock had been cut down by Ojibwa and Pottawatomie Indians near the banks of Pennsylvania’s Monongahela River. Rank upon rank of Britain’s Redcoat infantry had suffered ambush and, worse, capture by the tribes allied with France. Britain had paid in blood for its new empire. Settlers yanked arrows from their doors; charred log walls were replaced by green lumber; the dead were buried; and colonial militias snaked along forest paths toward farms, shops, and home.…

4 minutos
the intolerable acts 1764-1768

The Seven Years’ War (1756-63) and the French and Indian War had achieved the desired end for Britain – expansion of its empire at the expense of France and Spain. A generation of Europeans had been slaughtered on the battlefield. To meet their debts, the British government needed to wring revenue from their subjects. From a casual state of “salutary neglect,” the North American Colonies had to be brought to heel, or at least closer to parity in taxation with the British. In 1764, George Grenville, Britain’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, pushed through the American Revenue Act – also called the Sugar Act. It reduced tax on foreign molasses coming into the colonies. However, it also added taxes on refined sugar, coffee, Spanish wine, and non-British textiles. In addition, a vice-admiralty…