Cultura & Literatura
Kings and Queens of Britain

Kings and Queens of Britain

Kings and Queens of Britain

Marvel at their historic actions that defined the nation and uncover what life was like in the royal households... In this special edition from the makers of History Revealed magazine, we meet the men and women – both good and bad – who knew what it meant to wear the crown INSIDE YOU WILL FIND: L Enthralling tales of heroes and villains L Facts and figures from over a millennium of history L Revealing images and expert analysis

United Kingdom
Immediate Media Company London Limited
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1 minutos

The stories of the kings and queens of Britain prove that individuals can change the course of history. They have united and divided, commanded and conquered, been loved and despised by their people. Some are seen as heroes – Alfred the Great (p15), Elizabeth I and Victoria (p102) – while others seem destined to be less fondly remembered – John (p46) and Anne (p93) to name a few. In this special edition from the makers of History Revealed magazine, we explore the reigns and personalities of the men and women who knew what it meant to wear the crown. Who can deny that the most endlessly fascinating among them are the Tudors – we ask who was the bloodiest? (p66) Don’t forget, though, history’s not just about monarchs. Read about other fascinating characters…

9 minutos
boudicca: warrior queen

FIERCE CELT An imposing bronze statue of Boudicca on a chariot, with her daughters at her feet, stands near the Houses of Parliament, London BEHIND BOUDICCA’S MYTHS... We rely on two Roman historians, Tacitus and Cassius Dio, for nearly all of the information we have on the Iceni Queen Boudicca. Tacitus is the more reliable of the two – as a Roman Senator, he had access to archive material and his father-in-law held a senior military position in Britain at the time of the revolt. Cassius Dio, meanwhile, was writing over 100 years later and leant heavily on Tacitus’s writings for his own account. How much of what we know of Boudicca can be trusted? MYTH 1 HER FIERCE APPEARANCE Boudicca is invariably depicted as a redhaired warrior clutching a spear. The only record of…

1 minutos
under rome

In AD 43, the Roman conquest of Britain began on the command of Emperor Claudius, although Romans had been forming trade links since the first expeditions of Julius Caesar 90 years earlier. A foothold was established and, gradually, the Romans progressed northwards, dealing with individual tribes as they went. The concept of ‘Britain’ didn’t actually exist – there was no united country, rather a collection of warring Celtic tribes, each with their own language, culture and beliefs. The Romans controlled a tribe in two ways: they either brought them into the fold using treaties, or forced obedience at the points of their swords. Boudicca’s tribe, the Iceni in East Anglia, opted to sign a peace treaty and become a ‘client kingdom’. In doing so, they maintained a degree of independence from…

2 minutos
why the romans won

“If you weigh well the strength of the armies, and the causes of the war, you will see that in this battle you must conquer or die. This is a woman’s resolve; as for men, they may live and be slaves.”Boudicca The Battle of Watling Street may not have been as one-sided as the accounts of Tacitus and Cassius Dio implied, but the Romans secured an imperious victory through strict discipline and precisionexecution of the army’s military tactics. The Celtic warriors led by Boudicca had nothing in the way of armour and they used whatever weapons they could, whereas every one of the 10,000 Romans wore steel armour – made of flexible strips to allow for manoeuvrability – and a helmet. Their sandals had nails on the soles so they didn’t slip…

10 minutos
alfred the great

All heroic figures have to have nadirs to fight back from, adversity to overcome – and there’s a reason that the Saxon King Alfred is the only English ruler ever to be popularly known as ’The Great’. The one thing that most people think of when his name is mentioned is the burning of the cake. True or not, it comes from Alfred’s time of greatest struggle – as a battle-beaten guerilla hiding out in the marshlands of the Somerset Levels, with any hope of victory over the usurping Danes seemingly lost. Overturning this desperate state, and forging some kind of peace with the Danes, must surely be Alfred’s greatest achievement. But there was one greater masterstroke in Alfred’s reign, the main reason we still celebrate his successes over 1,100 years…

1 minutos

853 ROMAN HOLIDAY As little more than a toddler, the youngest son of King Aethelwulf experiences the opulence of the Roman Church, as it was in the late first millennium. He is inspired to live up to a Christian ideal for the rest of his life, fighting and even converting the Danish invaders. 868 TEENAGE MARRIAGE The 19-year-old Alfred is married to Ealhswith, the daughter of Æthelred Mucil, an influential Mercian nobleman. They have several children together, despite the many disruptions of the coming years. 870 DANES ATTACK The Viking invaders, who arrived in East Anglia five years previously, reach Wessex. Alfred and his brother King Æthelred fight many battles in the ensuing months, the last coinciding with the King’s early death and Alfred taking the reins of this endangered Saxon society. 878 NO MR KIPLING When…