Cultura & Literatura
Medieval Kings and Queens

Medieval Kings and Queens

Medieval Kings and Queens

Meet the colourful monarchs who reigned though some of Britain’s most tumultuous and dramatic centuries Inside you will discover: -A timeline of key milestones, from the Norman conquest to the fall of Richard III at the battle of Bosworth -The regal women who stamped their mark on medieval Britain: Matilda, Isabella of France and Eleanor of Aquitaine -The motives and military exploits of Henry V, Edward I and Richard the Lionheart -How Owain Glyndwr and Robert Bruce fought English rule in Wales and Scotland -The debates that still rage about Richard III and the death of Edward II -Civil Wars that rocked England, pitting Matilda against Stephen and York against Lancaster

United Kingdom
Immediate Media Company London Limited
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9,73 €(IVA Incl.)

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1 minutos

Dynasties rose and fell. Father was pitted against son, wife against husband. The English fought the French, Welsh and Scots. Peasants revolted against the wealthy, church clashed with state, barons battled kings, and gruesome deaths faced those who picked the wrong side. Welcome to medieval Britain. After the death of William the conqueror’s last son, Henry I, England experienced four tumultuous centuries as a succession of kings and queens – from Henry’s daughter Matilda to Richard III, whose fall signalled the dawn of the Tudor era – fought to win and hold the throne. In this collector’s edition we get beneath the skin of these fascinating rulers. We examine the caring side of Henry V, the victor of Agincourt, and ask whether the Black Prince was a noble hero or a rampaging…

7 minutos
from middle ages to modern era

William the Conqueror, illustrated in a 15th-century manuscript 1066 William of Normandy’s invasion places a powerful warlord on the English throne, laying the foundations for a cross-Channel Anglo-Norman ‘empire’. 1154 The son of Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou succeeds Stephen as King Henry II (above), bringing to the throne the Plantagenet dynasty – which rules England and large parts of France for the next 250 years 1135 Stephen of Blois, nephew of Henry I, claims title as King of England, usurping a throne previously promised to Henry’s daughter Matilda. Twenty years of civil war follow, ending with the Treaty of Winchester confirming Matilda’s son, Henry, as Stephen’s heir to the English crown. 1170 Thomas Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, is murdered in his own cathedral church. The killing exposes underlying tensions between church and state. Henry II’s son,…

8 minutos
henry v: the caring king

Henry was genuinely worried about the plight of the poor Henry V was an exceptionally hard-working king. He spent as much, if not more, of his time dealing with the burdensome affairs of church and state as he did on military matters. Henry’s direct intervention in the business of ruling, his speaking voice, and his decisive – often abrupt – manner are spelt out in the surviving documents. Some of these are endorsed with his signature, or ‘sign manual’, in the form ‘RH’ (Rex Henricus or Roy Henry). Around one in 10 of these documents survive today, and some are annotated in the king’s own hand. His extraordinary grasp of detail and his concern that a just resolution be reached are striking. Humble men and women, not only the great and good (or…

8 minutos

F or most people (and here I include myself), mention of the name King John conjures up images of the character from the tales of Robin Hood – a pantomime villain, rolling his eyes and gnashing his teeth. At the same time, most people are aware that these tales are legendary and, in their earliest versions, make no mention of John at all. The king was first inserted into the Robin Hood story in the 16th century, but his inclusion has no historical basis whatsoever. Those who go in search of the real John therefore tend to suppose that he must have been unfairly maligned, and suspect that in reality he was not nearly as bad as legend maintains. In the 20th century, some historians put forward a case for the…

2 minutos
how to be a good medieval king

Show courage Medieval kings were expected to be able to protect and defend their subjects from attack, and to lead from the front. This was a risky business. Edward I narrowly escaped death by crossbow bolt; Richard I was not so lucky. Nor was King Harold, but he at least engaged his enemies when they landed on the shores of England and went down fighting alongside his men. John’s response in similar circumstances was to run away. Do the lord’s work Medieval kings were expected to be pious, and they could demonstrate this in a variety of ways — by distributing alms to the poor, for example, or building a new church. Some kings were extremely pious in their own devotions, such as the French king Louis IX. King John seems to have…

11 minutos
the black prince: hero or villain?

W hen compiling lists of English heroes, the Black Prince is not a character who immediately springs to mind. Both in his time and in later centuries, his character was every bit as controversial as another Plantagenet who forged his reputation on the battlefields of France – King Henry V. To his contemporaries, the Black Prince was the hero of the battles of Crécy, Poitiers and Nájera, and the villain of the sacking of the city of Limoges. In his lifetime, the eldest son of Edward III garnered a reputation as a chivalric hero. And after his death he became a focal point for debates about heroism and villainy. At the battle of Crécy in 1346, Edward III placed the 16-year-old Prince Edward in nominal command of part of his army. In…