Cultura & Literatura
The Story of Roman Britain

The Story of Roman Britain

The Story of Roman Britain

Explore a fascinating ancient land of conflict and change in this BBC History Magazine collector’s edition: Roman Britain. Inside you will discover: ◆ A timeline of key milestones in Rome’s British adventure ◆ The exploits of the ancient Britons who battled the Roman invaders – and sometimes collaborated with them ◆ An in-depth look at everyday life for the inhabitants of the Roman province of Britannia ◆ Insights into Rome’s military campaigns in Britain – some successful, others ill-fated ◆ Dramatic accounts of the upheavals that preceded the collapse of Roman Britain ◆ Expert analysis of the Roman legacy in the physical and cultural landscape of Britain

United Kingdom
Immediate Media Company London Limited
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1 minutos

What have the Romans ever done for us? We all know, of course, the Monty Python sketch and the catalogue of bene!ts supposedly endowed by Roman conquerors. Yet the story of four and a half centuries of invasion, occupation and, !nally, desertion of Britain by the Romans is a complex and o"en nebulous one. This special edition explores the subject in depth. We meet the hardy peoples who inhabited this island at the time of Julius Caesar’s !rst foray in 55 BC, and ask whether they really were the proud, noble rebels portrayed by Roman writers such as Tacitus. We run our eye over the imperial forces in Britain, including the first British navy and the ill-fated Ninth Legion, lost in history. And we follow the campaigns waged across the island,…

7 minutos
the rise and fall of britannia

55 BC The Roman general Julius Caesar leads an army across ‘the Ocean’ (the English Channel) at the edge of the known world and into southern Britain. The expedition, undertaken primarily for propaganda reasons, is an almost total failure. Caesar’s army is hemmed in at the beachhead by overwhelming native forces and he is fortunate to escape with his life – but is nevertheless hailed as a hero back in Rome. AD 40-42 A crisis in southern Britain, possibly as a result of the warlike and expansionist tendencies of King Cunobelinus (later transformed by Shakespeare into Cymbeline), results in the exile of his son Adminus to Rome and, later, to the expulsion of British king Verica of the Atrebates in Hampshire. Verica flees to the emperor Claudius, and persuades him to invade Britain…

11 minutos
britain before the romans

Sometime around 320 BC, the Greek explorer Pytheas set off from his home town of Massalia (now called Marseilles) on an expedition to the mysterious northern limits of the continent. Because he was particularly interested in the source of tin, it was logical for him to follow the ancient tin route across south-west Gaul via the river Garonne to the Atlantic, and then to take ship on local boats for his onward venture into the unknown. His remarkable journey took him around Britain; it is possible that he also visited Iceland (called Thule in Latin) and the amberproducing coast of Denmark before returning home, where he wrote a book about his adventures, On the Ocean. The book no longer survives but it was quoted by other writers such as Strabo, Pliny…

6 minutos
roman britain

At the end of the first century BC, society in Britain and Ireland comprised a series of competing clans and tribal groups. Land was being intensively farmed and food supply was under the control of wealthy kings and queens, each supported by their own private army. Settlements were being increasingly defended as territories expanded and came into open conflict. All this was happening at a time when over in mainland Europe, large areas of land were being absorbed into the rapidly expanding Roman empire. By the mid-first century AD, Roman eyes were turning towards Britain. Britain represented a great prize for Rome: it had large amounts of grain and cattle, necessary to feed Rome’s army and urban poor, while iron, lead, gold and tin could be found in relatively abundant quantities in…

1 minutos
julius caesar’s double invasion

If at first you don’t succeed... come back next year and try invading again By 55 BC, the Roman general Julius Caesar had conquered much of France and Belgium, and led troops on a campaign into Germany. These superhuman achievements were being celebrated by the people of Rome and were used by Caesar as a way of advancing his own personal power. The expeditions he led into Britain in 55 and 54 BC were part of this plan of self-promotion: they were not intended as permanent conquest, but they helped advance his cause as Rome’s premier general. The expedition of 55 BC was not a great success. Trapped on the beach and hemmed in by the enemy, Caesar eventually managed to strike a deal with the British, leaving hastily in a fleet…

2 minutos
10 big questions about the conquest

The Roman invasion of Britain is an old, old story, but one that rewards reexamining. Five years ago, the reconstruction and display of the Hallaton helmet – a ceremonial Roman helmet found in an Iron Age shrine – prompted just that, shining a spotlight on relations between the invaders and the Britons, which were much more complex than often imagined. Did Britons really, as the helmet’s discovery implied, fight side by side with the Romans against their own people? Why might they have swapped their loyalties? And, even with local support, was it really an easy ride for the Romans? By combining archaeological discoveries with reports from ancient historians, we can piece together the events and motives of the time. From these, startling questions arise: were the Britons more prepared than…