Искусство и архитектура
a+u Architecture and Urbanism

a+u Architecture and Urbanism 20:01_592

a+u - Architecture and Urbanism - is a monthly architectural magazine established in 1971. Since its inaugural issue, a+u has been widely celebrated by architects everywhere as Japan's only monthly periodical that provides in-depth reporting of architecture worldwide. Each issue is edited from a unique perspective, with essays penned by renowned architects, critics, and historians to guide the direction of tomorrow’s architecture, within and beyond Japan. Text is bilingual in English and Japanese. 1971年1月創刊。創刊以来、海外の建築情報を伝える日本唯一の月刊誌として、広く建築界に親しまれています。a+uの取材ネットワークは全世界に及び、100余カ国を網羅しています。これら各国の建築家を直接取材し、毎号独自の視点で編集することにより、生の動向をいち早く読者の皆様にお届けしています。また、建築家・評論家・歴史家による書き下ろし論文を掲載し、明日の建築のあり方を考える指針として国内外の建築界に多大な影響を与えています。

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1 мин.
feature: supernormal architecture in the netherlands 2010–2020

In this issue, together with guest editor Kirsten Hannema, Chief Editor of the nai010 Yearbook Architecture in the Netherlands, we will take a look at the recent 10 years of Dutch architecture discourse. Previously in our a+u 12:01 issue (Feature: Architecture in the Netherlands 2000–2011) highlighting the country’s architecture scene right after the global financial crisis in 2008, the construction industry faced a slowdown and what we saw then as “typically” Dutch, has gradually faded. Looking away from the “SuperDutch” stigma, we now see projects combining broader social issues and since, take on a new form of cultural energy. Yet, compared to their previous superstar generation, these architects and their projects often go unnoticed. Therefore, in this issue, 19 projects are selected and placed into 3 themes to introduce to…

13 мин.
introduction: supernormal

The request to look back on Dutch architectural production of the past decade for this edition of a+u involuntarily brought me back to November 9, 2007. On that day, the Netherlands Architecture Institute (NAi) organized the symposium Architecture 2.0 – The Destiny of Architecture. At the invitation of NAi-director Ole Bouman, 6 Dutch architects – WielArets, Ben van Berkel, Francine Houben, Rem Koolhaas, Winy Maas and Willem Jan Neutelings, known as the generation SuperDutch – came together in the architectural city of Rotterdam to discuss the future of Dutch architecture. Apparently architecture was doing well. Since SuperDutch – named after the book that architecture critic Bart Lootsma wrote in 2000, about how this group of architects conquered the world with their radical concepts and spectacular buildings in the late nineties –…

10 мин.
essay: reshaping the polder

A giant egg made from sustainable softwood, reed and rocks lies on a mud plate near the imposing key piece of the Dutch Delta Works: the Haringvliet sluices (1958–71). The contrast between the egg – which serves as a bird observatory – and the flood barrier could not be bigger. Opposite the striking concrete, steel and basalt construction to keep the high seas out, RAU Architects and RO&AD Architects installed a delicate wooden building that invites nature to come in. The sanctuary offers a good view of the quail and spoonbills that forage in the tidal landscape. This Tij Observatory (2019, see pp. 50–55) has been set up to celebrate the Haringvliet sluices that allow salt water from the North Sea to pass freely. This was desperately needed, because the flood…

3 мин.
co-living oosterwold

Bureau SLA and ZakenMaker designed 9 homes for a group of pioneers wishing to turn a potato field into a community. In the rural area of Oosterwold Almere, artist Frode Bolhuis dreamed of an alternative way to live and work. He wanted to make a one-hectare potato field into his home and asked bureau SLA and ZakenMaker to design his dream house within a very limited budget. The architects came up with 2 preconditions to make the project possible. First, they suggested to Frode to find some friends to join the project. It is a lot cheaper to build several houses at the same time than just building one. The second precondition was that only the exterior would be designed, leaving the families complete freedom to decide on the interior. The…

2 мин.
de ceuvel

In 2012, the municipality launched a tender for the regeneration of a former shipyard that turned into a post-industrial wasteland in North Amsterdam. The conditions of the tender were simple: It had to provide a workplace for creative industries, and have an underlying focus on sustainability. However, the conditions of the site were less straightforward. The soil quality was so poor that digging into the ground was prohibited, making it impossible to apply conventional building foundations and sewage and water systems. Space&Matter and partners won the tender with an ambitious plan centered around 16 retrofitted houseboats. The houseboats are connected by a raised boardwalk which acts as a communal space for the offices. It also conceals technical components of the site which would otherwise be underground. Underlying the development is a…

2 мин.
the sixteen-oak barn

Haphazard aesthetics In 2017, we were told that 7 of the century-old oak trees in our yard were in bad shape and had to be cut down. Instead of following the usual path of selling the trees to the paper industry, we decided to reinstate an ancient tradition. And so, by replacing a collage of obsolete shelters and sheds, we would – in line with our farm’s monumental character – build a new barn with locally harvested materials employing traditional techniques. Our new transverse barn is constructed with 4 tie-bar couple trusses that are connected by longitudinal stringers, topped with a roof supported by rafters. The roof has an asymmetrical geometry with a steep and a low pitched side. There are 3 spaces inside the barn: a carport, a storage room, and…