Искусство и архитектура
a+u Architecture and Urbanism

a+u Architecture and Urbanism 20:04_595

a+u - Architecture and Urbanism - is a monthly architectural magazine established in 1971. Since its inaugural issue, a+u has been widely celebrated by architects everywhere as Japan's only monthly periodical that provides in-depth reporting of architecture worldwide. Each issue is edited from a unique perspective, with essays penned by renowned architects, critics, and historians to guide the direction of tomorrow’s architecture, within and beyond Japan. Text is bilingual in English and Japanese. 1971年1月創刊。創刊以来、海外の建築情報を伝える日本唯一の月刊誌として、広く建築界に親しまれています。a+uの取材ネットワークは全世界に及び、100余カ国を網羅しています。これら各国の建築家を直接取材し、毎号独自の視点で編集することにより、生の動向をいち早く読者の皆様にお届けしています。また、建築家・評論家・歴史家による書き下ろし論文を掲載し、明日の建築のあり方を考える指針として国内外の建築界に多大な影響を与えています。

A+U Publishing, Co., Ltd.
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1 мин.
computational discourses

This issue of a+u examines the application of computational design and digital fabrication across a spectrum of scales – from a free-form high-rise exoskeleton, to bio-mimetic wearables for the body, to the printed structure of a nonstandard brick – taking its conceptual cues from Charles and Ray Eames’ 1977 film, Powers of Ten. Selected here are 14 projects by individuals and entities working in cross-disciplinary ways, that suggest what “thinking digitally” can do with the means of our present time. For each of the issue’s projects, the shaping and organizing of various materials, via computational methods, serve as our starting points. Supporting them are texts by Jenny E. Sabin, Patrik Schumacher, and Achim Menges. Through the relationships drawn from this iterative collection of work, we hope to make the unfamiliar more…

3 мин.
essay contributors

Jenny E. Sabin is an architectural designer whose work is at the forefront of a new direction for 21st-century architectural practice – one that investigates the intersections of architecture and science and applies insights and theories from biology and mathematics to the design of responsive material structures and adaptive architecture. Sabin is the Arthur L. and Isabel B. Wiesenberger Professor in Architecture and Associate Dean for Design at Cornell College of Architecture, Art, and Planning, where she established a new advanced research degree in Matter Design Computation. She is the principal of Jenny Sabin Studio, an experimental architectural design studio based in Ithaca and Director of the Sabin Lab at Cornell AAP. Sabin holds degrees in ceramics and interdisciplinary visual art from the University of Washington and a Master of…

4 мин.
generative architecture: making a critical practice

A comprehensive history of generative architecture has yet to be written, but many of the featured designers and architects in this issue of a+u have made substantial contributions to its more recent history over the last 20 years. Has a critical project around generative architecture emerged? In his book, The Alphabet and the Algorithm, Mario Carpo unfolds how digital technology has altered the role of authorship in architecture and, in turn, how this has opened up existing notation systems – our tools for drawing – through parametric functions and the possibility of variability. As Carpo points out, the pioneering thinkers at the onset of digital architecture in the 1990s focused primarily upon variation as afforded through simple manipulations of parametric functions and animation software.1 One of the more interesting early…

1 мин.
zaha hadid architects

a+u spoke to Shajay Bhooshan, Senior Associate of Zaha Hadid Architects and cofounder of ZHA’s computational design research group (ZH CODE). a+u: Generally speaking, how do you use computational design? Shajay Bhooshan: At ZH CODE, we seek a co-evolution of research and practice. Our research spans computational geometry, the wisdom of traditional building cultures and the modern discipline of computational design and robotic fabrication and manufacturing. In parallel, we apply such project-independent disciplinary knowledge with project-based opportunities, constraints and problems. We have contributed to over 100 projects spanning from early-design to design development stages across a variety of building types – institutional to residential. We develop: • several tool-kits to aid the creation and manipulation of shape. These tool-kits enable novel aesthetic expressions, optioneering and design evolution. We develop relationships and workflow-integration with…

7 мин.
morpheus hotel at city of dreams

Conceived as a vertical extrusion of its rectangular footprint, a series of voids is carved through its centre to create an urban window connecting the hotel’s interior communal spaces with the city and generating the sculptural forms that define the hotel’s public spaces. Linked at ground level with the surrounding three-storey podium of the City of Dreams resort, the Morpheus houses 770 guest rooms, suites and sky villas, and includes civic spaces, meeting and event facilities, gaming rooms, lobby atrium, restaurants, spa and rooftop pool, as well as extensive back-of-house areas and ancillary facilities. The design resolves the hotel’s many complex programs within a single cohesive envelope. Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) was commissioned to build the hotel in 2012. At that time, foundations were already in place of a condominium tower that…

3 мин.
one thousand museum

One Thousand Museum is a 62-storey residential tower opposite Museum Park in Miami. With views across Biscayne Bay, this popular 30-acre park was redeveloped in 2013 as one of downtown Miami’s primary public spaces and includes the city’s new art and science museums. The tower’s design continues Zaha Hadid Architects’ research into high-rise construction that defines a fluid architectural expression consistent with the engineering for the entire height of a structure. One Thousand Museum’s concrete exoskeleton structures its perimeter in a web of flowing lines that integrates lateral bracing with structural support. Reading from top to bottom as one continuous frame, columns at its base fan out as the tower rises to meet at the corners, forming a rigid tube highly resistant to Miami’s demanding wind loads; its curved supports create…