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Amazing Women in HistoryAmazing Women in History

Amazing Women in History

Amazing Women in History

From ancient rulers such as Nefertiti and Zenobia, through medieval giants Eleanor of Aquitaine and Isabella of Castile, to Victorian pioneers including Mary Anning and Ada Lovelace, and those who pushed the boundaries of 20th-century science, like Marie Curie and Valentina Tereshkova, these women lived amazing lives...

Country:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Publisher:
Immediate Media Company London Limited
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IN THIS ISSUE

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welcome

In whatever field you care to mention, women have been at the forefront for thousands of years, and in this special edition of History Revealed magazine, we’ve compiled some of the most amazing stories from down the centuries. From powerful ancient rulers such as Nefertiti and Zenobia, to more recent pioneers of scientific endeavour, like Marie Curie and Valentina Tereshkova, these women have shaped history. But not all the women whose life stories we tell in these pages are household names – although we think they should be. Take Irena Sendler, for example, who smuggled over 2,000 Jewish children to safety during the German occupation of Poland. Don’t forget we have more stories of amazing women in every issue of History Revealed magazine – why not turn to page 20 for details…

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nefertiti secrets of egypt’s lost queen

She stood, as wife of the pharaoh, at the apex of a dramatic religious revolution in Egypt, which dismissed the traditional gods of several millennia and replaced them with a single deity. She ruled from a new capital, built by her husband Akhenaten away from the intrigue of Thebes in order to centralise authority around the royal couple. She became the muse for radical artistic and cultural changes, meaning we see her today unlike any woman who came before, or even after. She is still lauded as one of history’s great beauties – her name, after all, means ‘a beautiful woman has come’. She is Nefertiti, perhaps one of Ancient Egypt’s most important and influential female rulers. Thanks to the bust found in 1912, her face is recognised around the world…

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the face of nefertiti

“Suddenly we had in our hands the most alive Egyptian artwork. You cannot describe it with words. You must see it.” So read the diary of German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt after his discovery, on 6 December 1912, of the now world-famous bust of Nefertiti. Found buried upside down at the desert ruins of Amarna, in the ancient workshop of the royal sculptor Thutmose, the limestone bust captures Nefertiti’s timeless beauty – so much so that it now ranks as one of the most perfect faces of all time. Her slender neck, high cheekbones, elegantly arched eyebrows and red lips – all while looking regal in her distinctive blue crown – ensured that Nefertiti is remembered as the ‘beautiful woman’ of her name, despite missing one of her quartz eyes. However, recent…

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where is nefertiti?

THE YOUNGER LADY Some historians believe Nefertiti has already been found and currently lies in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. French archaeologist Victor Loret discovered the ‘Younger Lady’ mummy at a tomb, designated KV35, in the Valley of the Kings in 1898, but it wouldn’t be until 2003 that archaeologist Joann Fletcher of the University of York declared it could be Nefertiti. She based her conclusion on a number of factors, although all circumstantial. Firstly, the mouth has been damaged and an arm removed, which could suggest desecration for her sacrilegious involvement in the cult of Aten. A wig of a style worn during Akhenaten’s reign was also found in the tomb and fits the Younger Lady. Then there was the fact that the mummy had two piercings in her left…

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zenobia the woman who dared to take on rome

“Not only was Zenobia intelligent and athletic, she was also beautiful” At the political heart of London, just outside the Palace of Westminster, stands a statue of a woman wielding a spear. Its presence serves as a daily reminder of Boudicca’s defiance in the face of Roman invaders almost 2,000 years ago. But in Syria, a country ravaged by civil war, little remains to remind its people of their very own icon of Roman resistance: Zenobia. Her story begins in Ancient Palmyra – the ‘city of palm trees’ – built on an oasis in the Syrian Desert. Though it’s mentioned in tablets from the 19th century BC, it wasn’t until its conquest by the Romans in AD 14 that Palmyra was put on the map. Rather than suffer at the hands of…

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five more fearsome queens

ARTEMISIA I FIFTH CENTURY BC ◂ As Queen of the Greek city-state of Halicarnassus, Artemisia I personally commanded her navy in the Battle of Salamis as an ally of the invading Xerxes I of Persia. Xerxes, who watched the fighting from the shore, said: “My men have become women; and my women, men.” BOUDICCA DIED CIRCA AD 60 The Queen of the British Iceni tribe, Boudicca led a revolt against the Romans after they ignored her late husband’s will and took his kingdom for themselves. Her 100,000-strong army destroyed Londonium, but was defeated in the Battle of Watling Street. ÆTHELFLÆD CIRCA AD 870-918 The daughter of Alfred the Great, Æthelflæd married Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians, to form an alliance between the kingdoms of Wessex and Mercia. After Æthelred’s death, she led an army to victory against the…

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