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Landscape Architecture Magazine

Landscape Architecture Magazine December 2019

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國家/地區:
United States
語言:
English
出版商:
American Society of Landscape Architects
頻率:
Monthly
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12 期號

本期

1 最少
inside

CONTRIBUTORS MICHAEL FITZPATRICK (“Better Red,” page 100) has run with all the big game of journalism while inhabiting more countries than is absolutely necessary. You can follow him on Twitter @fitzp. “My most gobsmacking revelation, whilst probing Vienna, was the realization that the common-or-garden Viennese thinks it a God-given right to have even the meanest corners of the citadel landscaped.” JIMENA MARTIGNONI (“On the Edge,” page 82) lives in Argentina and travels around Latin America to write about landscapes and cities. You can reach her at jmartignoni_2000@yahoo.com. “The Orla do Guaíba project is inspirational because it’s about spontaneous connections between people and natural landscape and how that can be the origin of design.” MICHAEL A. SÁNCHEZ (“Foodtopia,” page 114) is an assistant professor of landscape architecture at Washington State University. You can reach him at…

3 最少
land matters

MONEY BURNS After the fires that burned throughout California in 2018, 350,000 households can no longer buy property and casualty insurance against fire. That was the year that brought, among other things, the incineration of the town of Paradise and the deaths of 85 people. This past October, Gireesh Shrimali, a research fellow at Stanford University’s Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance, wrote in a report for the online magazine The Conversation that premiums for homeowners in high-risk areas have risen as much as 500 percent—if they’re given the option to buy or renew policies that cover fire. Many are not. The shut-out property owners can turn to a backup insurance program run by the state of California, called Fair Access to Insurance Requirements. It’s populated by insurers obeying a state…

3 最少
of particulate concern

We see the headlines every day: “How to Plant Trees and Save the World.” “Best way to fight climate change? Plant trees.” “Tree Planting ‘Has Mind-Blowing Potential’ to Tackle Climate Crisis.” (All three of these were from 2019.) In news media and popular literature, articles and op-eds calling for the planting of one billion or three billion or one trillion trees abound, and among trees’ purported benefits, particularly in urban areas, is improvements to air quality. But an interdisciplinary review of scientific literature published this year in the journal Landscape and Urban Planning calls some of the air quality claims into question. Far from being an effective method of reducing particulate matter in cities, the indiscriminate, large-scale planting of urban trees could actually have a negative impact on air quality, says…

3 最少
ancient aquaculture

Dennis Rose, a Gunditjmara elder, grew up listening to his relatives talk about the fish traps of Budj Bim, the volcanic landscape of his ancestors in southwestern Victoria, Australia. “It was just part of our life,” Rose says. The Gunditjmara Aboriginal people used volcanic rock from the old lava flows to construct an elaborate series of channels, dams, and weirs across more than 24,000 acres. The system manipulated water levels from nearby Lake Condah for trapping, storing, and harvesting fish and kooyang (short-finned eel). When archaeologists dated early fish traps to be 6,600 years old, “It crystallized our thinking about the site as an engineered landscape,” Rose says. Today, the altered lava flows of Budj Bim represent one of the oldest and most extensive aquaculture systems in the world. In July,…

2 最少
built beneath sand

Adune landscape as the basis for a green roof may sound impractical, but a proposal for a rooftop garden atop a new apartment building in Amsterdam takes the idea seriously. The concept is part of a small urban plan that won a 2014 cityled development competition. The Dutch landscape architecture firm Buro Harro, in collaboration with the architecture firms Ronald Janssen and Bastiaan Jongerius, designed a green roof that echoes the nearby coastal landscape with a succession of rolling sand dunes anchored by spiky dune grasses and pines—all of this the backdrop for a windswept terrace and 30-foot saltwater pool. Harro de Jong, the founder of Buro Harro, says the rationale for the plan draws on an understanding of local ecology and building practices. “Half of the Netherlands is below sea…

3 最少
sacrificial lawn

As sunny-day flooding continues to inundate large swaths of South Florida—the second-highest king tide in Miami history swept through the city this past October—and saltwater threatens the region’s water supplies, a design competition charged with addressing sea-level rise and accompanying threats is set to unveil its first real-world demonstration project. The winner of the Van Alen Institute’s Keeping Current: Repetitive Loss Properties design competition deploys landscape strategies to transform a flood-prone, city-owned vacant lot into an amphibious pocket park that will relieve the flood risk for its immediate neighbors. The competition site is an 18,000-square-foot, midblock residential “repetitive loss” property purchased by the City of North Miami as part of a municipal buyout program. The Federal Emergency Management Agency defines a repetitive loss property as “any insurable building for which two or…