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All About History Events That Changed The World

All About History Events That Changed The World

All About History Book Of Events That Changed The World 2nd Edition

The Battle of Waterloo, Martin Luther King Jr’s famous speech, 9/11 – there are some events in history’s infinite stream of moments that stand out as turning points. These landmarks changed the course of politics, civil rights, countries and continents. In short, they are the events that shaped our world. Together, they form a turbulent story that is harrowing, sobering and inspiring in equal measure. Featuring: 50 events that changed the world - The key moments in history that shaped the world we live in today. Conflicts that shook the world - Discover how the fate of the world was forged on the battlefield, from the Battle of Waterloo to the carnage of Operation Barbarossa. Disasters that defined a generation - Examine the causes and effects of events such as the Chernobyl meltdown, the World Wars and more. Iconic events and inspirational moments - Learn how man walked on the Moon, and the dream of one man to unite a nation.

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United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
R 128,32

in this issue

22 min
50 events that changed the world

20 JULY 1969 ONE GIANT LEAP FOR MANKIND The first Moon landing There was no way the United States was going to lose the Space Race. Although Soviet Russia seemed one step ahead at every turn, with Sputnik-1, Yuri Gagarin and Luna-2 – the first artificial satellite, the first man in space, and the first rocket to reach the Moon respectively – JFK told the American people on 25 May 1961 that the nation should “commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon, and returning him safely to the Earth.” Using Saturn rockets and veterans of Projects Mercury and Gemini, the process of developing a safe rocket that could make the journey and a safe return began. However, in 1967 the test launch of…

8 min
william the conqueror

DEFINING MOMENT THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS, 14 OCTOBER 1066 The clash between Harold II of England and the victor, William, duke of Normandy, secured the Normans as rulers of England. Contenders For The Throne Harold Godwinson EARL OF WESSEX Harold was a powerful English magnate. He was present while Edward lay on his deathbed and bequeathed his throne to Harold. The Witan of Anglo-Saxon nobles accepted his coronation. William DUKE OF NORMANDY Before Edward the Confessor became king in 1042, he was forced to live in exile at the court of the dukes of Normandy. To show his appreciation, Edward supposedly promised to leave the throne to William. Harald Hardrada KING OF NORWAY The Norwegian king had the weakest claim and was merely attempting to exploit a great opportunity to further his wealth and prestige through the conquest of prosperous England. On…

1 min
the battle of hastings

1 Solid English phalanx The front lines of the English infantry were formed into an impressive shield wall upon Senlac Ridge. The steep incline of the hill helped the tight phalanx withstand a full frontal assault from the Norman infantry and cavalry. 2 William killed? The stalemate ended when panic rapidly spread throughout the Norman ranks because they believed William had been slain. The left flank broke in response so the Duke rode to the front with his helmet raised to rally the troops. 3 Unplanned feigned flight The English who pursued the fleeing Normans soon found themselves cut off and were easily picked off by the more mobile Norman cavalry. Witnessing its effectiveness, William continued to utilise the tactic several more times throughout the battle. 4 Death of Harold The battle raged on for most of…

1 min
french continental rivals

Henry I KING OF FRANCE After helping William keep control over his duchy at the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes in 1047, Henry soon became threatened by the new duke’s growing power. The king led two unsuccessful invasions of Normandy in 1053.4 and 1057. Fulk IV le Réchin COUNT OF ANJOU Once he seized the county from his brother, Geoffrey III, in 1068, Count Fulk of Anjou secured an alliance with King Philip against William. Beginning in the early-1070s, he attempted to reclaim Maine on several occasions, but failed. Philip I KING OF FRANCE Threatened by his vassal as king of England, Philip made alliances with Anjou and Flanders to counter the strength of Normandy. Philip’s insult infuriated William so much that his enthusiasm to seek vengeance at Mantes led to his death.…

4 min
inside a norman castle

“William did accomplish one last achievement with the Domesday Book” With Harold held hostage, William attempted to use a combination of flattery and threats to get the English magnate to not only accept his claim, but also help him attain the English throne upon the death of the ageing Edward. Therefore, Harold accompanied William on his invasion of Brittany in 1064, and when they returned to Normandy, Harold swore an oath of fealty to William. Certain he had achieved his goal, William let the Earl of Wessex return to his island. Upon Edward’s death, it became clear that Harold made his oath to William under duress and thus considered it completely invalid. He also quickly cemented his claim to the throne with the support of several witnesses to Edward naming Harold as…

14 min
black death

DEFINING MOMENT BLACK DEATH, 1346-53 One of the most devastating pandemics in human history, millions died and an entire continent was brought to its knees. After enjoying generations of sunshine and warmer climes, Europe had undergone an unprecedented population boom that saw more people living on the continent than ever before. At the turn of the first millennium there were 24 million people in Europe, and by 1340 this had reached 54 million. Entire countries were straining at the edges of their farmlands and eating into the forests, and the availability of food was beginning to reach the limits of population support. A dire evil, however, stalked the land, just as the Little Ice Age began, and a century later Europe’s population had plummeted to 37 million. The origins of the deadly disease are…