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Amazing History

Amazing History

Amazing History

The world as we know it has been shaped by the past. Tools have evolved over thousands of years; species have thrived then died out; civilisations have risen and fallen. Now it's time to uncover what came before us. In Amazing History, meet the animals that ruled the roost in the prehistoric period, and find your way through the ancient Egyptian underworld. Spend some time at the Tower of London – just try not to get yourself executed – and learn how to make the best sword before discovering how warfare changed in the 20th century with the advent of the Royal Air Force and the advancement of military tanks. But our history isn't limited to Earth; take a trip to space as you learn about the launch of NASA over 60 years ago. With all this and more waiting to be revealed, it's time to turn the page and find out how we got to be where we are today.

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United Kingdom
Future Publishing Ltd
R 114,97

in this issue

4 min
the mausoleum at halicarnassus

One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was once the resting place of the king of Caria, a province in the Persian Empire (now Bodrum, Turkey) with Halicarnassus as its capital. Mausolus ruled over the region from around 377 BCE until his death in 353 BCE, after which his wife, Artemisia II, commissioned the construction of what would become their joint tomb Greek architects Satyros and Pythius designed the building, while leading sculptors Bryaxis, Timotheus, Leochares and Scopas provided decoration. Hundreds of craftsmen worked together to create a tomb fit for a king, and the finished monumental structure stood at over 42 metres (137 feet) tall. It became known as a ‘mausoleum’ after the deceased king in whose honour it was built. The mausoleum stood in…

9 min
7 history myths busted

1 “KNIGHTS HAD TO BE HOISTED ONTO THEIR HORSES” Although they look incredibly heavy, 15thcentury suits of armour weigh in at around 14-23 kilograms (31-50 pounds). Despite this, they were not difficult to move about in or mount a horse while wearing. Knights had to remain as agile as possible in order to stay combat-effective, or even just survive a melee. If armour really had been so heavy that a fallen knight could not have stood up again on his own, or been able to re-mount his horse, the smallest trip in battle would have been a death sentence. While the metal plates had to be tough enough for ample protection, they also had to be light enough for prolonged action and at least some range of movement. As such, a suit…

1 min
a day in rome's ranks

Washing Soldiers were expected to maintain their own equipment but also their own personal hygiene during their limited free time each day. While barracks often had comfortable adjoining bathhouses, when on campaign troops would wash with whatever resources they could find. Martial punishment Discipline was essential in the army, and breaking any rules could earn a severe sentence. Theft, desertion, disobeying orders and other crimes were often punishable by demotion, beatings, flogging or even public execution by clubbing. Training Soldiers were expected to train daily, practising for real combat with wooden swords, slings, bows and javelins. Repeating tough battlefield drills prepared soldiers mentally and physically to face the enemy for real. Building fortifications All soldiers would help with the construction of a new temporary fortification at the end of each day’s march, building trenches and wooden walls…

1 min
famous prisoners

ANNE BOLEYN 2 MAY 1536 – 19 MAY 1536 When Henry VIII’s second queen did not give birth to a son she was arrested – and later executed – on trumped-up charges of treason, adultery and incest. LADY JANE GREY 19 JULY 1553 – 12 FEBRUARY 1554 The ‘Nine-Day Queen’ was already at the Tower preparing for her coronation when her claim to power was overruled. She was imprisoned then executed. GUY FAWKES 5 NOVEMBER 1605 – 31 JANUARY 1606 The head of the Gunpowder Plot was tortured in the Tower. Sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered, he was spared this fate by breaking his neck. SIR WALTER RALEIGH 1603 – 1616 Once the favourite of Elizabeth I, Raleigh was unpopular with her successor, James I. Accused of plotting against the king, he was imprisoned for 13 years before being…

2 min
raf uniforms

THE MANY SUPPORTING THE FEW ROLE 1 GROUND CREW Each fighter plane was assigned its own ground crew team to re-fuel, repair and re-arm the aircraft between sorties. Crews would work tirelessly to repair aircraft and get them back into the battle. ROLE 2 RADAR OPERATORS Dozens of manned stations positioned around the coastline made up Britain’s Chain Home Radar network. This acted as an early warning system to detect and report incoming enemy aircraft. ROLE 3 FACTORY WORKERS With thousands of men called up to serve, millions of women were called upon to power Britain’s war industry. Factory assembly lines worked around the clock to produce planes, tanks, shells, artillery, weaponry and other military materiel. ROLE 4 ANTI-AIRCRAFT Over 1,790 light and medium anti-aircraft guns were on hand to engage enemy aircraft. Over 4,000 searchlights and 1,400…

2 min
the battlefield