Aviation History November 2021

Aviation History Magazine is an authoritative, in-depth history of world aviation from its origins to the Space Age. Aviation History offers air enthusiasts the most detailed coverage of the history of manned flight, with action-packed stories and illustrations that put the reader in the cockpit with pilots and military (army, navy, and marine)aviators to experience aviation’s greatest dramas.

Country:
United States
Language:
English
Publisher:
HistoryNet
Frequency:
Bimonthly
R 95,56
R 478,45
6 Issues

in this issue

1 min
aviation history online

You’ll find much more from Aviation History on the web’s leading history resource: historynet.com FLYING ON THE EDGE: ALASKA’S LEGENDARY BUSH PILOTS During the golden age of Alaskan bush flying from 1924 to World War II, colorful aviation pioneers braved subzero cold in frail aircraft powered by undependable engines to haul passengers and provide medicine, mail and supplies to communities that even today are mostly inaccessible by road. THE SOVIETS’ GIANT INTERCONTINENTAL TURBOPROP AIRLINER Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, seeking to publicize his country’s technological achievements, turned to Andrei Tupolev in 1955 to develop a large, fast transport. Tupolev’s answer was the Tu-114—developed from his Tu-95 “Bear”—the largest airliner in the world at the time. Entering commercial service in 1961, the Tu-114 remained Aeroflot’s flagship for more than a decade and set several speed, altitude…

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4 min
peacemaker memories

I read with interest your cover story about the B-36 Peacemaker [July]. I grew up in Albuquerque, N.M., in the 1950s and don’t remember many sounds from back then, but I do remember the low buzz that B-36s made when landing at Kirtland AFB near Sandia Army Base where I lived. After World War II, my father was head of the Fuzing & Firing Department for Sandia Corp. and the Atomic Energy Commission since he worked for both at Los Alamos Labs. He worked on our second-generation nuclear bombs, including the giant Mark 17 hydrogen bomb. My father told me he discovered a battery problem with one of the test nukes that indicated that when it was dropped in an upcoming Nevada test there was a 1 in 100 probability the…

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2 min
youngest round-the-world pilot

TEENAGE DREAM Eighteen-year-old British pilot Travis Ludlow preflights his Cessna 172R Skyhawk (above) and poses with it (inset) on June 30, 2021, a month into his record-setting world circumnavigation. Travis Ludlow of Ibstone, Buckinghamshire, set a new Guinness World Record as the youngest pilot to complete a round-the-world flight when he landed at Booker Airfield/Wycombe Air Park in Marlow, England, on July 13. Behind him lay 26,759 miles across 16 countries on four continents, with 64 stops in 44 days (including 12 rest days and 235 flight hours), averaging 836 miles per day. Ludlow, aged 18 years and 150 days upon landing, took up aviation at age12 and at 14 became Britain’s youngest certified glider pilot. By the time he set his sights on the round-the-world record, he was a qualified pilot with…

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1 min
the last viking

One of the great overlooked warhorses in U.S. naval aviation made its final flight this past summer. From its introduction to the fleet in 1974, the Lockheed S-3 Viking flew from land bases and aircraft carrier decks as a twin-turbofan, four-man-crewed anti-submarine aircraft. After retiring from anti-sub ops in 2009, the fuel-efficient S-3, boasting a 10-hour flight endurance, continued in supporting roles such as COD (carrier onboard delivery), aerial refueling and electronic intelligence gathering until 2016. The last flying Viking, however, is retiring after 15 years of faithful service to NASA. In 2006 NASA acquired an ex-Navy S-3B, removed all its weaponry and reconfigured it as a research aircraft with up-to-date avionics, GPS and other satellite communication systems. Since then, it had been flying a variety of missions for NASA on…

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2 min
junkers transport explored off rhodes

In July 2018 the Greek diving team Aegeantec discovered the remains of a World War II–vintage Junkers Ju-52/3m trimotor 246 feet under the Aegean Sea about one nautical mile from Gadurrà airfield on the Greek island of Rhodes. Due to a lack of support facilities on the island, they were only able to give the airplane a cursory examination. In 2021, however, Aegeantec returned to give the site a more detailed investigation. “The Ju-52 is at a maximum depth of 75 meters,” explained diver Marinos Giourgas. “For deep wreck diving we use rebreathers, which are closed-circuit breathing devices.” By combining its efforts with those of German researcher Gerhard Stemmer, Austrian Roland Domanig and Luca Merli of the Italian Air Crash Po research group, the Greek team has been able to make…

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2 min
bombs away

It took a mere eight years after the Wright Flyer first flew for a weaponized airplane to make its debut. On November 1, 1911, 110 years ago this month, Italian Sub-Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti became the first pilot to bomb enemy forces in active combat. Soon after the Wright brothers’ first powered flight in 1903, military strategists around the world began pondering how this new asset could serve them in battle. By 1910, the United States was experimenting with potential airborne weapons, firing rifles and dropping sandbags—simulated bombs—from airplane cockpits. Half a world away, on September 29, 1911, the Italian army invaded Ottoman-ruled Libya. A hastily organized Italian air regiment of nine airplanes and 11 pilots shipped out from Naples to support the fight, arriving in Tripoli on October 15. While militaries at…

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