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How It Works Book of Incredible HistoryHow It Works Book of Incredible History

How It Works Book of Incredible History

How It Works Book of Incredible History 6th Edition

Journey through the ages and celebrate history’s most intriguing customs, traditions and inventions with How It Works Book of Incredible History. Traverse time periods and time zones via our eclectic range of subjects: the ancient world, iconic buildings and landmarks, weapons and warfare, masterful inventions, influential visionaries and prehistoric predators. Packed with fascinating facts and informative illustrations, history will be brought to life before your eyes! Featuring: Ancient history - Travel back to the world’s first civilisations, from Ancient Egypt to Mesopotamia. Buildings, places & landmarks - Step inside some of the most iconic structures from around the world. Influential figures - Meet some of history’s most prominent characters, from inventors to explorers. Prehistoric world - Encounter some of the deadliest predators to have roamed the Earth before man.

Country:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Publisher:
Future Publishing Ltd
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R132,54

IN THIS ISSUE

access_time4 min.
mesopotamia: the creators of civilisation

The ancient region of Mesopotamia has fascinated, enthralled and perplexed historians and scientists for thousands of years. Unlike the ancient empire of Greece, or even Egypt, it was not a united nation. Made up of a vast collection of varied cultures, city-states and beliefs, Mesopotamia was a land of multiple empires and diverse civilisations. It is perhaps thanks to this variety that Mesopotamia gave birth to what we recognise as civilisation today. The list of Mesopotamian innovations is endless, and it is difficult to contemplate how modern life would be without them. Mesopotamia was home to the first ever cities, writing took form there and the oldest wheeled vehicles in the world were found in Mesopotamian ruins. Animals were domesticated, humanity came on leaps and bounds in agriculture, innovative new tools…

access_time3 min.
the world’s first cities

DID YOU KNOW?No trace of Babylon’s famous ‘hanging gardens’ remains; some experts believe they were in Nineveh instead Mesopotamia was home to some of the very first cities in existence, leading many to link it to the birth of true civilisation. The origin of these cities is still unknown today, although many theories exist. One suggestion is that the development and building of temples created a place where people would gather, and thus served as points of contact between different groups of people. Others believe that people sought sanctuary from natural disasters. As the Mesopotamians were able to develop technology to help them control the nearby rivers, such as levees, they could ensure a good crop. They had no need to be nomadic, and were able to settle in one place comfortably.…

access_time6 min.
seven ways mesopotamia changed the world

The phrase ‘the foundations of civilisation’ is often used while talking about Mesopotamia. But what exactly does this mean? Is civilisation simply people living together, or does it involve more? Agriculture had emerged by 8000 BCE, and art was produced for thousands of years before Mesopotamia rose. However, Mesopotamia took these aspects of human culture and transformed them into civilisation as we know it today. Brought together by a common goal – to find food – the Mesopotamians developed some of the earliest writing known to man, borne out of necessity to record accounts and crop yields. However, it later developed to represent more abstract ideas. As people were gathered together, spiritual practices were also refined, and the population began to share a common belief system. With this established, the priests,…

access_time1 min.
how vesuvius destroyed pompeii

At noon on 24 August in 79 CE, Mount Vesuvius erupted near the bay of Naples in southern Italy in what would become one of the most devastating natural disasters of ancient times. The nearby cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were completely buried by the ash and pyroclasts that spewed from the volcano, helping to preserve them in extraordinary detail. We also have detailed information about the eruption itself thanks to Pliny the Younger, who wrote two letters detailing what he saw from his mother’s house in Cape Misenum. His famous description of the plume as “shaped like a pine” caused this type of eruption to be named a Plinian eruption. 20 hours of terror How that fateful day unfolded “ By the time the eruption is over, Pompeii is buried underneath 5m (16ft)…

access_time3 min.
the mystery of easter island

The most easterly island in Polynesia, approximately 3,700 kilometres (2,300 miles) west of South America in the Pacific Ocean, Easter Island could hardly be more remote. Yet this isolated landmass is home to some of the most incredible man-made wonders on Earth – over 887 carved stone heads, called moai, that have seen the entire 166.3-square-kilometre (64.2-square-mile) island, known as Rapa Nui by its population, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The origin of these stern-faced monoliths – which average four metres (13 feet) tall and weigh an average of 14 tons – and the society that built them is largely a mystery. What is known is that settlers travelling on wooden outrigger canoes arrived on the island between the 4th and 13th centuries and carved the moai sometime between…

access_time1 min.
ancient egyptian cosmetics

Egyptian cosmetics / Origins of chocolate In Ancient Egypt, the image of an individual often acted as a substitute for the body in the afterlife. Therefore, in funerary paintings, both males and females are shown in their best clothes, wigs and makeup. In life, the Egyptians utilised a variety of pigments to adorn the face. The most predominant of these was kohl, which was used to line the eyes. Kohl came from two sources: a green eye paint made of mineral malachite and a black liner derived from galena, a form of lead ore. Women used red ochre to form a light blush for cheeks and lips, while henna was used to paint the nails and dye the hair. Cosmetics were also applied for practical reasons – the military wore it to…

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